Regeln Baseball

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Regeln Baseball Baseball - das sind die Regeln

Die Baseballregeln bestimmen den Ablauf eines Baseball-Spieles. Die Regeln des modernen Baseball-Spiels lassen sich auf ein Regelwerk zurückführen, das. Die Baseballregeln bestimmen den Ablauf eines Baseball-Spieles. Datei:Wie funktioniert chatvoice.co Mediendatei abspielen. Erklärungsvideo der. Baseball ist neben American Football ein typisch US-amerikanischer Sport. Die Regeln sind gar nicht so schwer, wie viele Menschen denken. Baseball-Regeln. Der Sport gehört einfach zum US-Alltag dazu. Einige amerikanische Sportarten werden auch in Deutschland immer beliebter. Damit Sie nicht.

Regeln Baseball

Die Baseballregeln bestimmen den Ablauf eines Baseball-Spieles. Datei:Wie funktioniert chatvoice.co Mediendatei abspielen. Erklärungsvideo der. Baseball ist neben American Football ein typisch US-amerikanischer Sport. Die Regeln sind gar nicht so schwer, wie viele Menschen denken. Baseball-Regeln. Der Sport gehört einfach zum US-Alltag dazu. Einige amerikanische Sportarten werden auch in Deutschland immer beliebter. Damit Sie nicht. Sieht der Batter indessen noch rechtzeitig, dass der Ball doch kein Strike sein wird, und hält mit dem Schwung ein Checked Swingso bleibt der Wurf ein Ball. Die Feldpartei Verteidiger versucht gleichzeitig die geschlagenen Bälle abzufangen und die Schläger aus article source Regeln Baseball. Inning maximal zweimal Einspruch gegen eine Tatsachenentscheidung aus einem von der Ligastelle definierten Katalog von Entscheidungen erheben das zweite Mal nur bei erfolgreichem ersten Einspruch. Einige amerikanische Sportarten werden auch in Deutschland immer beliebter. Diese sollte zum ersten Mal oder und danach mindestens alle vier Jahre stattfinden, jeweils etwa zwei Wochen dauern und Nationalmannschaften von allen Kontinenten umfassen. Steht es nach der festgelegten Zahl von Innings unentschieden, so wird jeweils Regeln Baseball lange um ein weiteres Inning verlängert Extra Inningbis eine Mannschaft gewinnt. Erfüllt er seine Aufgabe, so ist learn more here durchaus möglich, mehrere Runner in einem Spielzug out zu machen Double Play oder, sehr selten, Triple Source. Zum Inhalt:. In diesem Fall geht die Entscheidungsgewalt auf den Schiedsrichter im New Yorker GewinnklaГџen Spiel 77 über, der die Entscheidung der Feldschiedsrichter bestätigen, widerrufen oder als nicht bewertbar nonconclusive einordnen kann. Im Falle regelwidriger Handlungen eines Spielers lassen die Schiedsrichter meist das Spiel von der Situation aus wieder aufnehmen, die https://chatvoice.co/online-casino-bonus-ohne-einzahlung-sofort/beste-spielothek-in-reesereiland-finden.php regelwidrige Handlungen herbeigeführt worden click here. Ein Laeufer kann aber auch gezwungen werden, sein Base fuer den nachfolgenden Runner zu raeumen. Wenn vom Team der Offense drei Spieler out sind, wechseln beide Mannschaften. Wenn er aber zwischen zwei Bases mit dem Ball in der Beste Spielothek in Ratherbruch bzw. Die interessantesten Click here entstehen dann, wenn der Batter den Ball trifft read more zurück ins Feld schlägt.

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Es gibt zwei Spielsituationen, in der die Angreifer gezwungen sind, weiter zu laufen: 1. Der hinter ihm leicht in der Hocke stehende Plate Umpire ist ähnlich geschützt, trägt aber keinen Handschuh. Eine typische Gelegenheit read article, wenn der Pitcher seine Pitching-Bewegung begonnen hat, da er diese nicht mehr Porsche Aktienkurse darf. Trifft der Batter den Ball so genau, dass er über die Bande ins Aus geht, kann keiner der Defense den Ball mehr bekommen. Sie werden Umpire genannt. Dabei wird die Batting Order am Beginn eines Halbinnings nicht von vorne begonnen, sondern es schlägt article source Spieler, der auf der Liste unter dem zuletzt im vorigen Regeln Baseball schlagenden Spieler seiner Mannschaft steht. Wäre der Schlag für die Verteidigung leicht abzufangen gewesen, so spricht man von einem error leichter Fehleretwa wenn ein nicht sonderlich hart geschlagener Ball direkt auf einen Verteidiger Fielder zufliegt und dieser ihn dennoch nicht fängt. Regeln Baseball

Regeln Baseball - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Hier dürfen die Läufer zur nächsten Base vorrücken und können dabei nicht out gemacht werden. Hauptkritikpunkte am Collegelevel sind, dass man aus Kostengründen mit Aluminiumschlägern spielt und es eine einheitliche Regel zu Gunsten des Designated Hitters gibt. Search in posts. Beleidigungen oder Pöbeln. Fouls nicht Foul Balls , sondern Fouls im Sinne von gezielt eingesetzten, regelwidrigen Unsportlichkeiten sind im Baseball recht selten. Bevor ein angreifender Spieler laufen darf, muss er einen vom gegnerischen Pitcher geworfenen Ball ins Feld schlagen. Der Batter darf auf die zweite Base und auch alle Runner rücken zwei Bases vor. Eine Möglichkeit für das Out haben wir gerade schon kennen gelernt. Ziel des Bunt als Spielzug ist es, in article source Situationen etwa Gleichstand im achten oder neunten Inning mit allen Mitteln Regeln Baseball Run zu erzielen oder wenigstens wesentlich Beste Spielothek in Eckenweiher finden. Ein Runner ist safewenn er eine Base erreicht, bevor die Feldmannschaft den Ball dorthin bringen kann. Eventuelle andere Runner müssen zunächst zu ihrer Ausgangs-Base zurückkehren Touch Back und dürfen erst nach dem Fang noch loslaufen. Steht ein Laeufer auf einem Beste Spielothek Untere finden und das dahinterliegende Base war vor dem Schlag ins Feld nicht besetzt, so muss jener Laeufer sein Base nicht raeumen, auch wenn der nachfolgende Runner zu ihm auflaeuft. Wenn Du die Website weiter nutzt, gehen wir von Deinem Einverständnis aus. Von den zwanzig Regeln sind einige bis heute unverändert in Kraft. Das alles entscheidende Moment in diesem nervenaufreibenden Duell zwischen Pitcher und Schlagmann Batter ist eine click to see more unsichtbare Zone, die Strikezone. Mit dem Intentional Walk vermeidet der Pitcher die Konfrontation mit einem besonders starken Batter, gibt der gegnerischen Mannschaft aber durch den zusätzlichen Baserunner die Möglichkeit, bei einem nachfolgenden Hit noch mehr Runs zu erzielen. Die Ausgangs- und Randbedingungen für diesen Zweikampf z.

Regeln Baseball Video

Es handelt sich noch nicht um ein vollständiges An finden Kirnberg Beste Spielothek Mank in der sämtlicher Regeln Baseball, sondern um eine Mischung aus einer Vereinssatzung und einer Klärung häufiger Zweifelsfälle, die eine Kenntnis des Spiels beim Leser voraussetzt. Versucht der Runner sein Base zu verlassen, um das naechste Base zu erreichen, ohne dass der Ball geschlagen wurde, spricht man von einem Steal-Versuch. Dies geschieht am Abschlag Homeplate. Der Deutsche Baseball und Softball Verband e. Selten sind auch Schläger aus Carbon anzutreffen. Wenn das fielding team den Ball während des Fluges fängt, fliegt der Schlagmann raus. Beim Baseball ist, im Gegensatz zu den meisten anderen Teamsportarten, eine im Frühling beginnende und im Herbst read more Saison ohne Sommerpause üblich, sodass sich Olympia nur schlecht einfügt. BASEBALL REGELN. Feld, Defense-Aufstellung. Das Spielfeld hat die Form eines Viertelkreises. Jedes Team besteht aus 9. Spielern. Zu Beginn des Spiels ist. Baseballregeln – kurz erklärt. Baseball ist eine mit dem alten Schlagball bzw. Ein Ligaspiel umfasst in der Regel neun Spieldurchgänge (Innings). Diejenige. Baseball Regeln. Das Spielfeld. Ein Baseballfeld besteht aus Fair und Foul Territory. Der wichtigste Teil ist das Fair Territory. An den jeweiligen Ecken des. Baseball-Regeln. Bei einem Baseball-Spiel stehen sich zwei Teams, je 9 Spieler (und weitere Auswechselspieler) gegenüber. Eine der beiden Mannschaften. Regelquellen. • Official Baseball Rules (OBR). • PBUC Umpire Manual. • MLB Umpire Manual. • Spielbetriebsordnung (SBO) des ABF. • Ground Rules. Regeln Baseball

After much running and shooting, William R. Chase made a midcourt shot, which was the only score in that historic contest.

Word spread about the newly invented game, and numerous associations wrote Naismith for a copy of the rules, which were published in the January 15, , issue of the Triangle , the YMCA Training School's campus paper.

Since the rules had not been formally written, there was no maximum number of players then, unlike today. This also meant that there were no set rules to the game; Naismith only observed how it was played and changed the rules accordingly.

The aim of basketball is to score more points than the other team, by making the ball in the basket.

Players on one team try to stop players on the other team from scoring. Baskets can be worth 1, 2, or 3 points. Each normal score is worth two points; however, if a player throws the ball into the hoop from behind the large arched line on the court, called the "3-point line," the score is worth three points.

You get points by "shooting" throwing or dropping the ball into the opponents' basket. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

The ball is moved forward by shooting, passing throwing or handing off or dribbling it. The ball may not be carried by a player who is walking or running without dribbling it.

If this rule is violated, it is called a travel. The court, where the game is played, is a rectangle, and at both end lines there is a goal called a "hoop" in the shape of a circle basket with the bottom cut out.

Basketball is played with two teams, with 5 players from each team on the court at one time. The maximum number of players on the bench differs by the league.

In international play, a maximum of 7 players is allowed on the bench, resulting in a roster of 12 players. The NBA has player rosters; college and high school teams have player rosters.

When a player wants to substitute for another player on the court, they let the score bench know. The referees will signal for the player waiting to come into the court.

The player that was in the game comes off the court and the player that was sitting on the bench goes inside the game.

This is called a substitution. In regional matches, in some areas, a minimum of 3 players are required to be on the bench.

In India, there might be leeway in the number depending on the category of the tournament you're playing in.

A game of basketball is made up of four different quarters, each ten or in the National Basketball Association , 12 minutes long.

At the start of every game the referee throws the basketball up in the air, and one player from each team tries to hit it to their teammates, that is called a "jump ball.

At the start of each quarter the team who has the possession arrow pointing towards their hoop gets the ball. Then the arrow is switched, and the next team gets the ball next quarter.

After four-quarters, the team who scores the most points wins. If the two teams score the same number of points, there is a five-minute "overtime" to see who can score more points.

If a player does something illegal in the game, it is called a "foul. A free throw is shot from the straight line in front of the hoop.

Each successful free throw is worth one point. If a player fouls an opponent who is not shooting, the other team gets the ball, and can throw it in bounds from the sideline.

Players can do three things with the ball: "dribble" bounce the ball, "pass" the ball to a teammate, or "shoot" the ball at the hoop.

If a ball is caught by a fielder in fair or foul ground, the batter is out. The most important part of the game is between the pitcher and the batter.

The pitcher throws, or pitches , the ball towards home plate. The pitcher normally throws the ball close enough for the batter to hit it. If the pitcher throws the ball in the strike zone, which is the area over home plate and between the hitter's knee and chest, the pitch is a "strike", unless the batter hits the ball.

The pitch is always a strike, regardless of where it is, if the batter swings the bat and misses, so the batter must have good aim with the bat.

Three strikes are a "strikeout", and this is one way to make an "out". A pitch that the batter does not swing at, and which is not called a strike, is a "ball.

The catcher for the pitcher's team waits behind the batter, and catches any ball that the batter does not hit.

The catcher uses signals to tell the pitcher where to throw the ball. If the pitcher does not like what the catcher says, he will shake his head, which signals "no".

If he agrees with what the catcher has signaled, he will nod his head, which signals "yes". There are many ways to get batters out, and runners can also be gotten out.

Some common ways to get batters out are catching a batted ball in the air , whether in fair or foul territory, throwing the ball to the defensive player at first base an out if it gets there before the batter , and a strikeout.

A runner can be put out by tagging the runner while the runner is not on a base, and by "forcing him out" when a base is touched before a player can get there, with no base for the runner to go back to.

When the fielding team has put out three of the batting team's players, the half-inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places.

The batting team wants to get runs. In order to get a run, a player must bat, then become a base runner , touch all the bases in order, and then touch home plate without being called out.

So first, the batter wants to make other players get to home plate, or to run the bases himself.

Runners can not pass each other while running the bases. A base runner who touches home plate after touching all previous bases in order, and without getting out, scores a run.

If the batter hits the ball over the fence between the foul lines without touching the ground, it is a home run.

The batter, and any base-runners, are allowed to advance to the home plate and score a run. The fielding team can do nothing to stop them.

The team on the field tries not to let the team who 's batting get any runs. The fielding team has a pitcher and a catcher.

The remaining seven fielders can stand anywhere in the field. However, there are usually four people that stand around the infield close to the bases and three outfielders who stand around the outfield.

The four infielders are the first baseman , second baseman , shortstop , and third baseman. The first baseman and third baseman stand close to first base and third base.

The second baseman and the shortstop stand on either side of second base. The first baseman's job is to make force plays at first base.

In a force play, another infielder catches a ball that has touched the ground, and throws it to the first baseman.

The first baseman must then touch the batter or the base with the ball before the batter can touch first base.

Then the batter is out. First basemen need to have quick feet, stretch well, be quick and know how to catch wild throws.

First base is one of the most important positions as a significant number of plays happen there. The second baseman's job is to cover the area to the right of second base and to back the first baseman up.

The shortstop's job is to cover the area between second and third bases. This is where right-handed batters usually hit ground balls.

The shortstop also covers second or third base and the near part of left field. The shortstop is usually the best fielder on the team.

The third baseman needs to have a strong throwing arm. This is because many times the batter will hit a ball toward third base.

The third baseman must throw the ball very quickly to the first baseman, to get the runner out. Because the balls that go to third base are usually hit very hard, the third baseman must also be very quick.

The three outfielders are called the left fielder , the center fielder , and the right fielder , because they stand in left field, center field and right field.

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High school baseball plays seven innings and Little League uses six-inning games. An inning is broken up into two halves in which the away team bats in the top first half, and the home team bats in the bottom second half.

In baseball, the defense always has the ball—a fact that differentiates it from most other team sports. The teams switch every time the defending team gets three players of the batting team out.

The winner is the team with the most runs after nine innings. If the home team is ahead after the top of the ninth, play does not continue into the bottom half.

When this happens, an X is put on the scoreboard for the home team's score in the ninth inning. In the case of a tie, additional innings are played until one team comes out ahead at the end of an inning.

If the home team takes the lead anytime during the bottom of the ninth or of any inning after that, play stops and the home team is declared the winner.

This is known as a walk-off. The basic contest is always between the pitcher for the fielding team and a batter. The pitcher throws— pitches —the ball towards home plate, where the catcher for the fielding team waits in a crouched stance to receive it.

Behind the catcher stands the home plate umpire. The batter stands in one of the batter's boxes and tries to hit the ball with a bat.

The catcher's job is to receive any pitches that the batter does not hit and to "call" the game by a series of hand movements that signal to the pitcher what pitch to throw and where.

The catcher also usually signals the desired location of the ball within the strike zone and "sets up" behind the plate or holds his glove up in the desired location as a target.

The catcher's role becomes more crucial depending on how the game is going, and how the pitcher responds to a given situation.

Each pitch begins a new play , which might consist of nothing more than the pitch itself. Each half-inning, the goal of the defending team is to get three members of the other team out.

A player who is out must leave the field and wait for his next turn at bat. There are many ways to get batters and baserunners out; some of the most common are catching a batted ball in the air , tag outs , force outs , and strikeouts.

After the fielding team has put out three players from the opposing team, that half of the inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places; there is no upper limit to the number that may bat in rotation before three outs are recorded.

Going through the entire order in an inning is referred to as "batting around" and it is indicative of a high-scoring inning.

A complete inning consists of each opposing side having a turn three outs on offense. The goal of the team at bat is to score more runs than the opposition; a player may do so by batting, then becoming a baserunner , touching all the bases in order via one or more plays , and finally touching home plate.

A player may also become a baserunner by being inserted as a pinch-runner. To that end, the goal of each batter is to enable baserunners to score or to become a baserunner himself.

The batter attempts to hit the ball into fair territory —between the baselines—in such a way that the defending players cannot get them or the baserunners out.

In general, the pitcher attempts to prevent this by pitching the ball in such a way that the batter cannot hit it cleanly or, ideally, at all.

A baserunner who has successfully touched home plate without being retired called out after touching all previous bases scores a run.

In an enclosed field, a fair ball hit over the fence on the fly is an automatic home run , which entitles the batter and all runners to touch all the bases and score.

On a field with foul poles, a ball that hits a pole is also a home run. A home run hit with all bases occupied ' bases loaded ' is called a grand slam.

The squad in the field is the defensive team; they attempt to prevent the baserunners from scoring. There are nine defensive positions, but only two have a mandatory location pitcher and catcher.

The locations of the other seven fielders are not specified by the rules, except that at the moment the pitch is delivered, they must be positioned in fair territory and not in the space between the pitcher and the catcher.

These fielders often shift their positioning in response to specific batters or game situations, and they may exchange positions with one another at any time.

The nine positions most commonly used with the number scorekeepers use are: pitcher 1 , catcher 2 , first baseman 3 , second baseman 4 , third baseman 5 , shortstop 6 , left fielder 7 , center fielder 8 , and right fielder 9.

Note that, in rare cases, teams may use dramatically differing schemes, such as switching an outfielder for an infielder.

The numbering convention was established by Henry Chadwick. The reason the shortstop seems out of order has to do with the way fielders positioned themselves in the early years of the game; the shortstop was positioned in the shallow outfield.

Each position is weighted on the defensive spectrum in terms of difficulty. The most difficult position is the catcher, while the least difficult is first base.

Designated hitter, while on the scale, is not part of the defense at all. Pitchers, while part of the active defense, are so specialized in their role that they usually make only routine plays.

The battery is composed of the pitcher , who stands on the rubber of the mound, which is also known as the pitching plate, and the catcher , who squats behind home plate.

These are the two fielders who always deal directly with the batter on every pitch, hence the term "battery", coined by Henry Chadwick and later reinforced by the implied comparison to artillery fire.

The pitcher's main role is to pitch the ball toward home plate with the goal of getting the batter out.

Pitchers also play defense by fielding batted balls, covering bases for a potential tag out or force out on an approaching runner , or backing up throws.

The catcher's main role is to receive the pitch if the batter does not hit it. Together with the pitcher and coaches, the catcher plots game strategy by suggesting different pitches and by shifting the starting positions of the other fielders.

Catchers are also responsible for defense in the area near home plate such as dropped third strikes and wild pitches or baserunning plays, most commonly when an opposing player attempts to steal a base.

Due to the exceptional difficulty of the position, catchers are universally valued for their defensive prowess as opposed to their ability to hit.

The four infielders are the first baseman , second baseman , shortstop , and third baseman. Originally the first, second and third basemen played very near their respective bases, and the shortstop generally played "in" hence the term , covering the area between second, third, and the pitchers box, or wherever the game situation required.

As the game evolved, the fielding positions changed to the now-familiar "umbrella", with the first and third baseman generally positioned a short distance toward second base from their bases, the second baseman to the right side of second base standing farther away from the base than any other infielder, and the shortstop playing to the left of second base, as seen from the batter's perspective.

The first baseman 's job consists largely of making plays at first base on ground balls hit to the other infielders. When an infielder picks up a ball from the ground hit by the batter , he must throw it to the first baseman who must catch the ball and maintain contact with the base before the batter gets to it for the batter to be out.

The need to do this quickly often requires the first baseman to stretch one of his legs to touch first base while catching the ball simultaneously.

The first baseman must be able to catch the ball very well and usually wears a specially designed mitt.

The first baseman fields balls hit near first base. The first baseman also has to receive throws from the pitcher in order to tag runners out who have reached base safely.

The position is less physically challenging than the other positions, but there is still a lot of skill involved. Infielders don't always make good throws to first base, so it is the first baseman's job to field any ball thrown toward him cleanly.

Older players who can no longer fulfill the demands of their original positions also often become first basemen.

The second baseman covers the area to the first-base side of second base and provides backup for the first baseman in bunt situations.

He also is a cut-off for the outfield. The cut-off provides an intermediary between an outfielder and the infield so that the outfielder does not have to throw the entire distance if they've been forced to field the ball near the outer edge of the outfield.

The shortstop fills the critical gap between second and third bases—where right-handed batters generally hit ground balls—and also covers second or third base and the near part of left field.

This player is also a cut-off for the outfield. This position is the most demanding defensively, so a good shortstop doesn't need to necessarily be a good batter, though this has changed in modern times.

The third baseman's primary requirement is a strong throwing arm, in order to make the long throw across the infield to the first baseman.

Quick reaction time is also important for third basemen, as they tend to see more sharply-hit balls than do the other infielders, thus the nickname for third base as the "hot corner".

Also, because there are far more right-handed hitters than lefties, there are more ground balls hit to the left side of the infield due to the natural motion of the batter's swing.

The three outfielders, left fielder , center fielder , and right fielder , are so named from the catcher 's perspective looking out onto the field.

The right fielder generally has the strongest arm of all the outfielders due to the need to make throws on runners attempting to take third base.

The center fielder has more territory to cover than the corner outfielders , so this player must be quick and agile with a strong arm to throw balls into the infield ; as with the shortstop , teams tend to emphasize defense at this position.

Also, the center fielder is considered the outfield leader, and left- and right-fielders often cede to his direction when fielding fly balls.

Of all outfielders, the left fielder often has the weakest arm, as they generally do not need to throw the ball as far in order to prevent the advance of any baserunners.

The left fielder still requires good fielding and catching skills, and tends to receive more balls than the right fielder due to the fact that right-handed hitters, who are much more common, tend to "pull" the ball into left field.

Each outfielder runs to "back up" a nearby outfielder who attempts to field a ball hit near both their positions. Outfielders also run to back up infielders on batted balls and thrown balls, including pick-off attempts from the pitcher or from the catcher.

Effective pitching is critical to a baseball team, as pitching is the key for the defensive team to retire batters and to prevent runners from getting on base.

A full game usually involves over one hundred pitches thrown by each team. However, most pitchers begin to tire before they reach this point.

In previous eras, pitchers would often throw up to four complete games all nine innings in a week. With new advances in medical research and thus a better understanding of how the human body functions and tires out, starting pitchers tend more often to throw fractions of a game typically six or seven innings, depending on their performance about every five days though a few complete games do still occur each year.

A single game often requires multiple pitchers, including the starting pitcher and relief pitcher s. Pitchers are substituted for one another like any other player see above , and the rules do not limit the number of pitchers that can be used in a game; the only limiting factor is the size of the squad, naturally.

In general, starting pitchers are not used in relief situations except sometimes during the post-season when every game is vital.

If a game runs into many extra innings, a team may well empty its bullpen. If it then becomes necessary to use a "position player" as a pitcher, major league teams generally have certain players designated as emergency relief pitchers, to avoid the embarrassment of using a less skillful player.

In baseball's early years, squads were smaller, and relief pitchers were relatively uncommon, with the starter normally remaining for the entire game unless he was either thoroughly ineffective or became injured; today, with a much greater emphasis on pitch count, over the course of a single game each team will frequently use from two to five pitchers.

In the ALCS , all four of the Chicago White Sox victories were complete games by the starters, a highly noteworthy event in the modern game.

While delivering the ball, the pitcher has a great arsenal at his disposal in the variation of location, velocity, movement, and arm location see types of pitches.

Most pitchers attempt to master two or three types of pitches; some pitchers throw up to 6 types of pitches with varying degrees of control.

Since the batter's timing is critical to hitting a pitch, a batter swinging to hit what looks like a fastball, would be terribly fooled swing and miss, hopefully when the pitch turns out to be a much slower change-up.

Some pitchers choose to throw using the ' submarine style ,' a very efficient sidearm or near-underhand motion. Pitchers with a submarine delivery are often very difficult to hit because of the angle and movement of the ball once released.

Walter Johnson , who threw one of the fastest fastballs in the history of the game, threw sidearm though not submarine rather than a normal overhand.

True underhanded pitching is permitted in Major League Baseball. However, it is difficult to generate enough velocity and movement with the underhand motion.

Among modern Major League pitchers, Chad Bradford had the closest to an underhand delivery, with his knuckles sometimes scraping the ground.

However, he is still usually considered a "submarine" pitcher. Only the pitcher's and catcher's locations are fixed, and then only at the beginning of each pitch.

Thus, the players on the field move around as needed to defend against scoring a run. Many variations of this are possible, as location depends upon the situation.

Circumstances such as the number of outs, the count balls and strikes on the batter, the number and speed of runners, the ability of the fielders, the ability of the pitcher, the type of pitch thrown, the tendencies of the hitter, and the inning cause the fielders to move to more strategic locations on the field.

Common defensive strategies include: playing for the bunt, trying to prevent a stolen base , moving to a shallow position to throw out a runner at home, playing at " double play depth", and moving fielders to locations where hitters are most likely to hit the ball.

The ultimate goal of the team at bat is to score runs. To accomplish this task, the team at bat successively in a predetermined order called a lineup or batting order sends its nine players to the batter's box adjacent to home plate where they become batters.

Each team sets its batting lineup at the beginning of the game. Changes to the lineup are tightly limited by the rules of baseball and must be communicated to the umpires, who have the substitutions announced for the opposing team and fans.

See Substitutions below. A batter's turn at the plate is called a plate appearance. Batters can advance to first base safely in one of seven methods: a base-hit abbreviated 'H' or walk 'BB' for base-on-balls are by far the most common; being hit-by-the-pitch 'HBP' , reaching by error 'E' or fielder's choice 'FC' are less common; and somewhat rarely a player may reach base by virtue of interference 'I' or a passed ball 'PB' on a strike-out , where the player is allowed to run and reach base safely if he can.

When the batter hits a fair ball, he must run to first base, and may continue or stop at any base unless he is put out.

A successful hit occurs when the batter reaches a base: reaching only first base is a single ; reaching second base, a double ; third base, a triple ; and a hit that allows the batter to touch all bases in order on the same play is a home run —whether the ball is hit over the fence does not matter if the ball is not hit over the fence and the batter touches all bases, it is usually referred to as an "inside-the-park home run".

Once a runner is held to a base, he may attempt to advance at any time, but is not required to do so unless the batter or another runner displaces him called a force play.

A batter always drops his bat when running the bases; otherwise, the bat would slow him down and could give rise to a call of interference if it were to contact the ball or a fielder.

However, if a batter hits the ball, and the batter or the dropped bat touches the ball, it is considered a dead ball.

Depending on the way the ball comes off the bat, the play has different names. A batted ball is called a fly ball if it is hit in the air in an upward arc, such that a fielder might be able to catch it before it hits the ground.

A batted ball is called a ground ball if it hits the ground within the infield before it can be caught, often due to being hit in a downward trajectory.

Several different names are used to describe fly balls, depending on their trajectory. A ball hit high in the air and seemingly almost straight up is called a "pop-up".

A ball hit forcefully in a fast-moving and seemingly almost straight-line trajectory is called a line drive. A "shallow" fly ball, hit with just enough force to possibly land between the infielders and the outfielders, is often call a "blooper".

A "deep" fly ball is hit with enough force to approach and possibly clear the outfield fence. When a ball is hit outside the foul lines, it is a foul ball , requiring the batter and all runners to return to their respective bases, whether it is caught or not.

Additionally, if a ground ball or a bunted ball lands in foul territory and the ball rolls back into bounds before reaching either first or third bases without being touched by either a fielder or a runner, then said ball is considered fair.

Once the batter and any existing runners have all stopped at a base or been put out, the ball is returned to the pitcher, and the next batter comes to the plate.

After the opposing team bats in its own order and three more outs are recorded, the first team's batting order will continue again from where it left off.

When a runner reaches home plate, he scores a run and is no longer a base runner. He must leave the playing area until his spot in the order comes up again.

A runner may only circle the bases once per plate appearance and thus can score no more than a single run.

In the American, Pacific, and both Cuban leagues, there is a tenth player, a designated hitter, who bats for the pitcher.

Each plate appearance consists of a series of pitches, in which the pitcher throws the ball towards home plate while a batter is standing in the batter's box either right or left.

With each pitch, the batter must decide whether to swing the bat at the ball in an attempt to hit it.

The pitches arrive quickly, so the decision to swing must be made in less than a tenth of a second, based on whether the ball is hittable and in the strike zone , a region defined by the area directly above home plate and between the hollow beneath the batter's knee and the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants.

In addition to swinging at the ball, a batter who wishes to put the ball in play may hold his bat over home plate and attempt to tap a pitch lightly; this is called a bunt.

Good bunting technique has been described as "catching the ball with the bat. On any pitch, if the batter swings at the ball and misses, he is charged with a strike.

If the batter does not swing, the home plate umpire judges whether the ball passed through the strike zone. If the ball, or any part of it, passed through the zone, it is ruled a strike; otherwise, it is called a ball.

The number of balls and strikes thrown to the current batter is known as the count ; the count is always given balls first except in Japan, where it is reversed , then strikes such as 3—2 or "three and two", also known as a "full count", which would be 3 balls and 2 strikes.

If the batter swings and makes contact with the ball, but does not put it in play in fair territory—a foul ball —he is charged with an additional strike, except when there are already two strikes.

Thus, a foul ball with two strikes leaves the count unchanged. However, a noted exception to this rule is that a ball bunted foul with two strikes is a strikeout.

If a pitch is batted foul or fair and a member of the defensive team is able to catch it, before the ball strikes the ground, the batter is declared out.

In the event that a bat deflects the ball sharply and directly back toward the catcher's box, it is a foul tip.

If a ball ruled as a foul tip is caught, with two strikes in the count, it is considered a counted third strike and an out; if not initially caught by the catcher, it remains a foul ball with two strikes.

When three strikes occur on a batter, it is a strikeout and the batter is automatically out unless the pitch is not caught by the catcher or if the pitch bounces before it is caught.

It is then ruled an uncaught third strike , an exception to the third strike rule: If the catcher drops the third strike, the batter is permitted to attempt to advance to first base if there are two outs in the inning or if it is unoccupied.

In this case, the batter is not out although the pitcher is awarded a strikeout. The catcher can try to get the batter out by tagging him with the ball or throwing the ball to first base to put him out.

On the fourth ball , it is called a walk, and the batter becomes a runner, and is entitled to advance to first base without risk of being put out, called a base on balls or a walk abbreviated BB.

If a pitch touches the batter or the batter's clothes , the umpire declares a hit by pitch abbreviated HBP and the batter is awarded first base, unless the umpire determines that the ball was in the strike zone when it hit the batter, or that the batter did not attempt to avoid being hit.

In practice, neither exception is ever called unless the batter obviously tries to get hit by the pitch; even standing still in the box will virtually always be overlooked, and the batter awarded first.

In addition, if the batter swings at a pitch that hits him, it counts as a strike. Once a batter becomes a runner and reaches first base safely, he is said to be "on" that base until he attempts to advance to the next base, until he is put out, or until the half-inning ends.

In order to be safe a runner must beat the ball to the bag. When two or more runners are on the basepaths, the runner farther along is called a lead runner or a preceding runner ; any other runner is called a trailing runner or a following runner.

Runners on second or third base are considered to be in scoring position since ordinary hits, even singles, will often allow them to score.

A runner legally touching a base is " safe "—in most situations he may not be put out. Runners may attempt to advance from base to base at any time except when the ball is dead.

A runner that must attempt to advance is forced , when all previous bases are occupied and a batted ball that touches the ground is a fair ball.

The runner forced to advance toward the next base is considered "forced out" if a fielder holding the baseball touches the intended base before the baserunner arrives.

When a batted ball is hit in the air, i. The common name for this requirement is tagging up. If the runner retouches the origin base at any time after the fly ball is first touched by a fielder, he may attempt to advance to the next base or bases at his own risk.

The penalty for failing to retouch if the defensive team notices this is that the advancing runner can be put out on a live appeal in which the defensive team player with the ball touches the base from which that runner departed prematurely.

If a runner tagged up and tries to run to the next base in sequence, they are deemed out if tagged by an infielder at any point before reaching the base or the ball arrives at the base ahead of the runner.

However, if the runner is not forced to run to the next base in sequence, they are not deemed out until they are tagged.

This often leads to a runner being trapped between two or more infielders trying to tag them before reaching any base: a situation known as being "caught in no-man's-land".

Only one runner may occupy a base at a time; if two runners are touching a base at once, the trailing runner is in jeopardy and will be out if tagged.

However, if the trail runner reached the base having been forced there, it is the lead runner who will be out when tagged for failing to reach his force base.

Either such occurrence is very rare. Thus, after a play, at most three runners may be on the basepaths, one on each base—first, second, and third.

When three runners are on base, this is called bases loaded. Baserunners may attempt to advance, or steal a base , while the pitcher is preparing to make a pitch, while he is making a pitch, or while waiting for a return throw from the catcher after a pitch.

The pitcher, in lieu of delivering the pitch, may try to prevent this by throwing the ball to one of the infielders in order to tag the runner; if successful, it is called a pick-off.

He may also, as part of a planned sequence, throw a pitch well outside and high of the strike zone to his catcher who is waiting for it upright there, and is thus better prepared to throw out a runner trying to steal; this sequence is called a "pitchout.

An illegal attempt by the pitcher to deceive a runner, among other pitching violations, is called a balk , allowing all runners to advance one base without risk of being put out.

Another fundamental tenet of the rules of baseball is that a runner who was initially ruled out can subsequently be ruled safe, but once a runner is ruled safe he cannot be called out on the same play, unless he overruns the base.

For example, if a baserunner steals second base, beating the throw, an umpire might make the quick call of safe, but if the runner then slides beyond the base and is tagged before he can retreat to it the umpire has the right to change the call.

A runner initially called out can be subsequently ruled safe if the fielder putting the runner out drops the ball on either a tag or force play , pulls his foot off the base in the case of a force play , or otherwise illegally obstructs a runner from reaching a base that he otherwise would have reached safely.

The goal of each batter is to become a base runner himself by a base hit , a base on balls , being hit by the pitch , a fielding error , or fielder's choice or to help move other base runners along by another base hit , a sacrifice bunt , sacrifice fly , or hit and run.

Batters attempt to "read" pitchers through pre-game preparation by studying the tendencies of pitchers and by talking to other batters that previously faced the pitcher.

The students were enthusiastic. After much running and shooting, William R. Chase made a midcourt shot, which was the only score in that historic contest.

Word spread about the newly invented game, and numerous associations wrote Naismith for a copy of the rules, which were published in the January 15, , issue of the Triangle , the YMCA Training School's campus paper.

Since the rules had not been formally written, there was no maximum number of players then, unlike today. This also meant that there were no set rules to the game; Naismith only observed how it was played and changed the rules accordingly.

The aim of basketball is to score more points than the other team, by making the ball in the basket. Players on one team try to stop players on the other team from scoring.

Baskets can be worth 1, 2, or 3 points. Each normal score is worth two points; however, if a player throws the ball into the hoop from behind the large arched line on the court, called the "3-point line," the score is worth three points.

You get points by "shooting" throwing or dropping the ball into the opponents' basket. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

The ball is moved forward by shooting, passing throwing or handing off or dribbling it. The ball may not be carried by a player who is walking or running without dribbling it.

If this rule is violated, it is called a travel. The court, where the game is played, is a rectangle, and at both end lines there is a goal called a "hoop" in the shape of a circle basket with the bottom cut out.

Basketball is played with two teams, with 5 players from each team on the court at one time. The maximum number of players on the bench differs by the league.

In international play, a maximum of 7 players is allowed on the bench, resulting in a roster of 12 players. The NBA has player rosters; college and high school teams have player rosters.

When a player wants to substitute for another player on the court, they let the score bench know. The referees will signal for the player waiting to come into the court.

The player that was in the game comes off the court and the player that was sitting on the bench goes inside the game. This is called a substitution.

In regional matches, in some areas, a minimum of 3 players are required to be on the bench.

In India, there might be leeway in the number depending on the category of the tournament you're playing in. A game of basketball is made up of four different quarters, each ten or in the National Basketball Association , 12 minutes long.

At the start of every game the referee throws the basketball up in the air, and one player from each team tries to hit it to their teammates, that is called a "jump ball.

At the start of each quarter the team who has the possession arrow pointing towards their hoop gets the ball.

Then the arrow is switched, and the next team gets the ball next quarter. After four-quarters, the team who scores the most points wins.

If the two teams score the same number of points, there is a five-minute "overtime" to see who can score more points. If a player does something illegal in the game, it is called a "foul.

A free throw is shot from the straight line in front of the hoop. Each successful free throw is worth one point. If a player fouls an opponent who is not shooting, the other team gets the ball, and can throw it in bounds from the sideline.

Players can do three things with the ball: "dribble" bounce the ball, "pass" the ball to a teammate, or "shoot" the ball at the hoop.

The player with the ball tries to keep the ball and not let the other team get it. The ball can't be kicked or hit with the fist. If this is violated, the other team gets possession of the ball and gets to throw it in from the nearest out of bounds area.

Once a player commits five fouls, he is no longer allowed to play in the game, and a player on the bench must go in the game immediately.

If a team commits four fouls, the opposing team gets to shoot a free throw on any next foul that doesn't involve shooting.

Depending on the league. In a game of basketball, there are a number of officials who are not from either team, who are there to help.

Officials are important to the game, and help it run efficiently. Here is a list of some of these people:.

Fans and media in North America will often use "referee" to describe all on-court officials, whether their formal titles are "referee", "umpire", or "crew chief".

There are some basketball terms that players have to understand when playing the game. Here are some terms:.

In professional basketball teams, each player has a position. A position is a job or role that a player has to take part in to play the game.

If everyone is doing their job correctly, the team is usually successful. There are many types of basketball.

Some are for people with disabilities, others are played more by a specific group, some are played using only half the court, and some are for when there are fewer players.

This is the most popular "pick up game" variation of basketball.

On a field with foul poles, a ball that hits a pole is also a home run. Diese Ausdrücke sind jedoch nur für die Statistik von Bedeutung, für den Spielverlauf ist es egal, ob eine Base durch einen eigenen oder fremden Schlag erreicht wurde. In order to get a run, a player must bat, then become a base runnerBeste Spielothek in Rysum finden all the bases in order, and then touch home plate without being called Regeln Baseball. Batters can attempt to "read" the SeriГ¶s Goldesel App of a ball early in the pitch to anticipate its trajectory. The player in control of the ball tries to make a shot however they want.

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