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Als Karneval, Fastnacht, Fassenacht, Fasnacht, Fasnet, Fasching, Fastabend, Fastelovend, Fasteleer oder fünfte Jahreszeit bezeichnet man die Bräuche, mit denen die Zeit vor der vierzigtägigen Fastenzeit ausgelassen gefeiert wird. Carnaval bezeichnet: Carnaval-Longdrink, Longdrink; Carnaval, Op. 9, eine Komposition von Robert Schumann, siehe Carnaval (Schumann); den Karneval in. Übersetzung Spanisch-Deutsch für carnaval im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung Französisch-Deutsch für carnaval im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Worttrennung: Aussprache: IPA: [ ] Hörbeispiele: —. Bedeutungen: [1] Volkstum: der Karneval, die Fastnacht, der Fasching. Herkunft: [1] von der lateinischen.

Carnaval

Carnaval de %%datos_comarca%%. Alhama, dessen Verlust der maurische König in einer Romanze betrauerte, war schon in der römischen Epoche sehr. Carnaval/Davidsbündlertänze/Papillons - Boris Giltburg, Robert Schumann: chatvoice.co: Musik. Als Karneval, Fastnacht, Fassenacht, Fasnacht, Fasnet, Fasching, Fastabend, Fastelovend, Fasteleer oder fünfte Jahreszeit bezeichnet man die Bräuche, mit denen die Zeit vor der vierzigtägigen Fastenzeit ausgelassen gefeiert wird. The cake may be flavoured with frangipaniguavaor coconut. In Indonesia Beste Spielothek in Versahl finden, the word "carnival" or karnaval is not related to pre- Lent festivities, Kotzen Bilder Zum more to festivals in general, especially those with processions and extravagant costumes. There is also the "Bomb Competition", a smaller-scaled judging of steel bands. Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. The festival is celebrated almost exclusively in the city of Limassol. In the Christian tradition, fasting is to commemorate the 40 days go here Jesus fasted in the desertaccording to the New Testamentand also to reflect on Christian values. Archived from the this web page on 5 February Dieser war ursprünglich eine typisch niederrheinische Narrenfigur. Traditionally beginning on Friday and ending on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, "los Carnavales", as Panamanians refer to the days of Carnival, are celebrated across the country. Kurz vor der Fastenzeit enthalten diese besonders die Zutaten, welche während der Fastenzeit verboten sind. Aunque si adquiere P&O Princess, el principal operador británico, Carnaval se hará con alrededor de un tercio del mercado británico de cruceros en términos. La période de carnaval en Slovénie apporte sont lots de coutumes intéressantes et ses personnages typiques de carnaval. Découvrez le plus particulier des. Carnaval/Davidsbündlertänze/Papillons - Boris Giltburg, Robert Schumann: chatvoice.co: Musik. Carnaval de %%datos_comarca%%. Alhama, dessen Verlust der maurische König in einer Romanze betrauerte, war schon in der römischen Epoche sehr. Beschreibung: Form der Animation / Veranstaltung. Messe, Jahrmarkt, Markt. Zusätzliche Informationen. Variété. Volksfest Lothringen. NEIN. Einrichtung Für. Carnaval

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Pancakes, donuts, and other desserts were prepared and eaten for a final time. During Lent, animal products are eaten less, and individuals have the ability to make a Lenten sacrifice , thus giving up a certain object or activity of desire.

Other common features of Carnival include mock battles such as food fights; expressions of social satire ; mockery of authorities; costumes of the grotesque body that display exaggerated features such as large noses, bellies, mouths, phalli , or elements of animal bodies; abusive language and degrading acts; depictions of disease and gleeful death; and a general reversal of everyday rules and norms.

The term Carnival is traditionally used in areas with a large Catholic presence, as well as in Greece. This dates back to celebrations before the Advent season or with harvest celebrations of St.

Martin's Day. The Latin -derived name of the holiday is sometimes also spelled Carnaval , typically in areas where Dutch , French , Spanish , and Portuguese are spoken, or Carnevale in Italian -speaking contexts.

Alternative names are used for regional and local celebrations. The word is said to come from the Late Latin expression carne levare , which means "remove meat"; a folk etymology derives it from carne vale , "farewell to meat".

In either case, this signifies the approaching fast. Other scholars argue that the origin of the word is a common meat-based country feast in Latin carnualia [14] or the festival of the Navigium Isidis "ship of Isis" , where the image of Isis was carried to the seashore to bless the start of sailing season.

The word Carnival is of Christian origin, [13] and in the Middle Ages, it referred to a period following Epiphany season that reached its climax before midnight on Shrove Tuesday.

In , a Shrovetide play spoke of Christians who painted their faces to celebrate the season: [18]. What, are there masques? Hear you me, Jessica: Lock up my doors, and when you hear the drum And the vile squealing of the wry-nck'd fife, Clamber not you up o the casements then, Nor thrust your head into the public street To gaze on Christian fools with varnish'd faces.

From an anthropological point of view, carnival is a reversal ritual, in which social roles are reversed and norms about desired behavior are suspended.

Winter was thought of as the reign of the winter spirits; these needed to be driven out in order for the summer to return.

Carnival can thus be regarded as a rite of passage from darkness to light, from winter to summer: a fertility celebration, the first spring festival of the new year.

Traditionally, a Carnival feast was the last opportunity for common people to eat well, as there was typically a food shortage at the end of the winter as stores ran out.

Until spring produce was available, people were limited to the minimum necessary meals during this period.

On what nowadays is called vastenavond the days before fasting , all the remaining winter stores of lard, butter, and meat which were left would be eaten, for these would otherwise soon start to rot and decay.

The selected livestock had already been slaughtered in November and the meat would no longer be preservable. All the food that had survived the winter had to be eaten to assure that everyone was fed enough to survive until the coming spring would provide new food sources.

Several Germanic tribes celebrated the returning of the daylight. The winter would be driven out, to make sure that fertility could return in spring.

Also, there are some indications that the effigy of Nerthus [23] or Freyr was placed on a ship with wheels and accompanied by a procession of people in animal disguise and men in women's clothes.

Tacitus wrote in his Germania : Germania 9. Traditionally, the feast also was a time to indulge in sexual desires , which were supposed to be suppressed during the following period fasting.

In many Christian sermons and texts, the example of a vessel is used to explain Christian doctrine: "the nave of the church of baptism", "the ship of Mary ", etc.

The writings show that processions with ship-like carts were held and lavish feasts were celebrated on the eve of Lent or the greeting of spring in the early Middle Ages.

The Lenten period of the liturgical calendar , the six weeks directly before Easter , was historically marked by fasting, study, and other pious or penitential practices.

During Lent, no parties or celebrations were held, and people refrained from eating rich foods, such as meat, dairy, fat, and sugar.

The first three classes were often totally unavailable during this period because of late winter shortages. While Christian festivals such as Corpus Christi were Church-sanctioned celebrations, Carnival was also a manifestation of European folk culture.

In the Christian tradition, fasting is to commemorate the 40 days that Jesus fasted in the desert , according to the New Testament , and also to reflect on Christian values.

It was a time for catechumens those converting to Christianity to prepare for baptism at Easter.

Carnival in the Middle Ages took not just a few days, but almost the entire period between Christmas and the beginning of Lent.

In those two months, Christian populations used their several holidays as an outlet for their daily frustrations. Many synods and councils attempted to set things "right".

Caesarius of Arles — protested around CE in his sermons against the pagan practices. Centuries later, his statements were adapted as the building blocks of the Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum "small index of superstitious and pagan practices" , which was drafted by the Synod of Leptines in It condemned the Spurcalibus en februario.

Pope Gregory the Great — decided that fasting would start on Ash Wednesday. The whole Carnival event was set before the fasting, to set a clear division between celebrations and penitence.

In the year , the synod in Leptines located near Binche in Belgium spoke out furiously against the excesses in the month of February.

In the Middle Ages, "Carnival and Lent were both necessary, inevitable episodes in the eternal cycle of the Church year. While forming an integral part of the Christian calendar, particularly in Catholic regions, many Carnival traditions resemble those antedating Christianity.

While medieval pageants and festivals such as Corpus Christi were church-sanctioned, Carnival was also a manifestation of medieval folk culture.

Many local Carnival customs are claimed to derive from local pre-Christian rituals, such as elaborate rites involving masked figures in the Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht.

However, evidence is insufficient to establish a direct origin from Saturnalia or other ancient festivals. No complete accounts of Saturnalia survive, and the shared features of feasting, role reversals, temporary social equality, masks, and permitted rule-breaking do not necessarily constitute a coherent festival or link these festivals.

For example, Easter begins with the resurrection of Jesus , followed by a liminal period, and ends with rebirth.

Carnival reverses this as King Carnival comes to life, and a liminal period follows before his death. Both feasts are calculated by the lunar calendar.

Both Jesus and King Carnival may be seen as expiatory figures who make a gift to the people with their deaths.

In the case of Jesus, the gift is eternal life in heaven , and in the case of King Carnival, the acknowledgement that death is a necessary part of the cycle of life.

Christ's passion is itself grotesque: since early Christianity , Christ is figured as the victim of summary judgment , and is tortured and executed by Romans before a Jewish mob "His blood is on us and on our children!

Holy Week processions in Spain include crowds who vociferously insult the figure of Jesus. Irreverence, parody, degradation, and laughter at a tragicomic effigy of God can be seen as intensifications of the sacred order.

They ran Some of the best-known traditions, including carnal parades and masquerade balls , were first recorded in medieval Italy. The Carnival of Venice was, for a long time, the most famous carnival although Napoleon abolished it in and only in was the tradition restored.

In the early 19th century in the German Rhineland and Southern Netherlands , the weakened medieval tradition also revived.

Continuously in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, as part of the annual Saturnalia abuse of the carnival in Rome, rabbis of the ghetto were forced to march through the city streets wearing foolish guise, jeered upon and pelted by a variety of missiles from the crowd.

A petition of the Jewish community of Rome sent in to Pope Gregory XVI to stop the annual anti-semitic Saturnalia abuse got a negation: "It is not opportune to make any innovation.

In the Rhineland in , the first modern Carnival parade took place in Cologne. Pre-Lenten celebrations featured parades, costumes and masks to endure Lent's withdrawal from worldly pleasures.

Other areas developed their own traditions. In the United Kingdom, West Indian immigrants brought with them the traditions of Caribbean Carnival ; however, the Carnivals now celebrated at Notting Hill , Leeds , Yorkshire, and other places became divorced from their religious origin and became secular events that take place in the summer months.

Mircea Eliade , historian of religions, gives us a clear explanation about Carnival and its meaning. He writes: "Any new year is a revival of time at its beginning, a repetition of the cosmogony.

Ritual fights between two groups of extras, the presence of the dead, Saturnalia and orgies, are all elements which indicate that at the end of the year and in the expectation of the new year the mythical moments of the passage of chaos to the cosmogony are repeated".

As regards masks monsters, animals, demons , they have an apotropaic meaning. Interpretations of Carnival present it as a social institution that degrades or "uncrowns" the higher functions of thought, speech, and the soul by translating them into the grotesque body , which serves to renew society and the world, [3] as a release for impulses that threaten the social order that ultimately reinforces social norms, [44] as a social transformation, [45] or as a tool for different groups to focus attention on conflicts and incongruities by embodying them in "senseless" acts.

Furthermore, some cultures use Carnival as a method of empowering themselves in spite of social conflicts. For example, when the Caribbean Carnival was established as a result of French settlers , even the slaves had their version of the masquerade , where they would reverse roles to mock those of higher social status.

In a day where all are meant to perform a "mask" that differs from their typical identity, all members of a society are able to connect through their theatricality and satire.

Carnival was introduced by Portuguese settlers. It is celebrated on each of the archipelago's nine inhabited islands.

It has imported various Brazilian Carnival traditions. Carnival was introduced by German settlers. The celebration is based on the "Rheinische" Carnival tradition.

The Seychelles carnival began in It is held in the capital city of Victoria and takes place over three days.

On Day 1, the grand opening is held in the city center near the clock tower. The second day is parade day. On Day 3, the closing ceremony is held, and a lottery winner is announced.

The Harare Carnival is held late in May. Events include fashion and music shows. The climax is a street party featuring costumes and music.

Barbuda 's Carnival, held in June, is known as "Caribana". In Argentina , the most representative Carnival performed is the so-called Murga , although other famous Carnivals, more like Brazil's, are held in Argentine Mesopotamia and the North-East.

It adopts a musical background similar to Brazilian or Uruguayan Carnival. Corrientes is another city with a Carnival tradition.

In all major cities and many towns throughout the country, Carnival is celebrated. As Carnival coincides with summer in the Southern Hemisphere, in many parts of Argentina children play with water.

The 19th century tradition of filling empty egg shells with water has evolved into water games that include the throwing of water balloons.

Carnival in Aruba means weeks of events that bring colourfully decorated floats, contagiously throbbing music, luxuriously costumed groups of celebrants of all ages, King and Queen elections, electrifying jump-ups and torchlight parades, the Jouvert morning: the Children's Parades, and finally the Grand Parade.

Aruba's biggest celebration is a month-long affair consisting of festive "jump-ups" street parades , spectacular parades, and creative contests.

Music and flamboyant costumes play a central role, from the Queen elections to the Grand Parade. Street parades continue in various districts throughout the month, with brass band, steel drum and roadmarch tunes.

On the evening before Lent, Carnival ends with the symbolic burning of King Momo. Junkanoo is the principal street parade in the Bahamas, it has been practiced in the Bahamas before and after the emancipation of slavery in the British Empire.

In an effort to capitalize on Carnival's popularity, the Bahamas announced the first Bahamas Junkanoo Carnival to commence in May Its early beginnings were on the sugar cane plantations during the colonial period.

Crop Over began in , and featured singing, dancing, and accompaniment by shak-shak , banjo , triangle , fiddle , guitar, bottles filled with water, and bones.

Other traditions included climbing a greased pole, feasting, and drinking competitions. Originally signaling the end of the yearly cane harvest, it evolved into a national festival.

In the late 20th century, Crop Over began to closely mirror the Trinidad Carnival. Crop Over time for many islanders is one big party.

A major feature is the calypso competition. Calypso music, originating in Trinidad, uses syncopated rhythm and topical lyrics.

It offers a medium in which to satirise local politics, amidst the general bacchanal. The Cohobblopot Festival blends dance, drama, and music with the crowning of the King and Queen of costume bands.

The climax of the festival is Kadooment Day, celebrated with a national holiday, when costume bands fill the streets with pulsating Barbadian rhythms and fireworks.

San Pedro is one of Belize 's few cities to observe Carnaval before Lent. Elsewhere, Carnaval sometimes referred to as Carnival often occurs in September.

The Fiesta de Carnaval is often the most popular celebration, usually held over three days prior to Ash Wednesday, but the festivities often extend to the full week.

Comparsas are held throughout the week, consisting of large groups "of dancers dancing and traveling on the streets, followed by a Carrosa carriage where the musicians play.

The Comparsa is a development of African processions where groups of devotees follow a given saint or deity during a particular religious celebration.

This simply means that a mixture of water paint and water or raw eggs is used to paint people on the streets, the goal being to paint as many people as you can.

Street fights often occur during the festivities — some locals treat this festival as an opportunity to exact revenge on their enemies.

Vandalism is common and "businesses constantly have to prepare in covering or repainting their advertisements during Carnival season because of the mischief performed.

La Diablada Carnival takes place in Oruro in central Bolivia. Participants dress up as demons, devils, angels, Incas, and Spanish conquistadors.

Dances include caporales and tinkus. The parade runs from morning until late at night, 18 hours a day, for three days before Ash Wednesday.

In Santa Cruz de la Sierra , on the east side of the country, tropical weather allows a Brazilian-type Carnival, with Comparsas dancing traditional songs in matching uniforms.

The Carnival in Brazil is a major part of Brazilian culture. It is sometimes referred to by Brazilians as the "Greatest Show on Earth". The street carnival of Rio de Janeiro is designated by Guinness World Records as the largest carnival in the world, with approximately two million people each day.

Samba schools are large, social entities with thousands of members and a theme for their song and parade each year. Blocos are small informal groups with a definite theme in their samba, usually satirizing the political situation.

About 30 schools in Rio gather hundreds of thousands of participants. More than blocos operate in Rio.

Bandas are samba musical bands, also called "street carnival bands", usually formed within a single neighborhood or musical background.

Recife is marked by the parade of the largest carnival block in the world, the Galo da Madrugada. In this block, there is a great variety of musical rhythms, but the most present is Frevo characteristic rhythm of both Recife and Olinda that was declared Intangible Heritage of Humanity by Unesco.

After the Salvador Carnival , Porto Seguro continues the celebration. Three circuits make up the festival.

Campo Grande is the longest and most traditional. International singers like David Guetta , will. The party officially takes six days, but can continue for more than that.

Toronto Caribbean Carnival , [68] held in Toronto on the first weekend of August to take advantage of more comfortable weather, has its origins in Caribbean Carnival traditions.

Attendance at the parade typically exceeds one million. The Quebec Winter Carnival is one of the biggest winter-themed Carnivals in the world.

The carnival is held during the last days of January and first days of February. In the Ottawa - Gatineau region, Winterlude takes place during February.

Most Caribbean islands celebrate Carnival. The largest and most well-known is in Trinidad and Tobago. Virgin Islands , Saint Vincent , and the Grenadines hold lengthy carnival seasons and large celebrations.

Carnival is an important cultural event in the Dutch Caribbean. Festivities include "jump-up" parades with beautifully colored costumes, floats, and live bands, as well as beauty contests and other competitions.

On Statia, he is called Prince Stupid. Carnival has been celebrated in Cuba since the 18th century. Participants don costumes from the island's cultural and ethnic variety.

Carnival was introduced by the Spaniards and incorporated elements from European cultures. It has managed to reinterpret traditions that belonged to Colombia's African and Amerindian cultures.

The result was the uninterrupted celebration of Carnival festivals in Barranquilla see Barranquilla's Carnival , now recognized as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The Barranquilla Carnival includes several parades on Friday and Saturday nights beginning on 11 January and ending with a six-day non-stop festival, beginning the Wednesday prior to Ash Wednesday and ending Tuesday midnight.

Carnival in Dominica is held in the capital city of Roseau , and takes elements of Carnival that can be seen in the neighbouring French islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe , as well as Trinidad.

Notable events leading up to Carnival include the Opening of Carnival celebrations, the Calypso Monarch music competition, the Queen of Carnival Beauty Pageant, and bouyon music bands.

Celebrations last for the Monday and Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. Dominican Carnival is celebrated in most cities and towns in the main streets during February.

Among its main characteristics are its flashy costumes and loud music. The one held in La Vega , which is one of the biggest in the country, and the national parade in Santo Domingo were where the first Carnival of the Americas was held.

Carnival masks are elaborate and colorful. The costumes used on the parades are satires of the Devil and are called "Diablos Cojuelos".

They dance, and run to the rhythm of merengue music mixed with techno, hip-hop, and reggaeton. It exhibits the "Guloyas" parade of costumed groups dancing in the streets.

Revelers flee from the "Diablos Cojuelos" who try to hit them with "Vejigas". The timing of the festivals has grown apart from its original religious synchronization with the period of Lent.

In Ecuador , the celebrations began before the arrival of Catholicism. The Huarangas Indians from the Chimbos nation used to celebrate the second moon of the year with a festival at which they threw flour, flowers, and perfumed water.

This indigenous tradition merged with the Catholic celebration of Carnival. A common feature of Ecuadorian Carnival is the diablitos little devils who play with water.

As with snowball fights, the practice of throwing or dumping water on unsuspecting victims is revered by children and teenagers although feared by some adults.

Throwing water balloons, sometimes even eggs and flour both to friends and strangers is fun, but can also upset the uninformed. Although the government as well as school authorities forbid such games, they are widely practiced.

Historians tell of a bishop in who threatened excommunication for the sin of playing Carnival games. Festivals differ across the country.

Locals wear disguises with colorful masks and dance. Usually, the celebrations begin with the election of Taita Carnival Father Carnival who heads the festivities and leads the parades in each city.

Recently, a celebration has gained prominence in the northern part of the Andes in the Chota Valley in Imbabura which is a zone of a strong Afro-Ecuadorian population and so the Carnival is celebrated with bomba del chota music.

Latacunga celebrates Carnival in three manners: [71] Carnival with water where people play with water, religious Carnival where people make religious festivity, and Carnival parade in the city in which people march on the Latacunga streets wearing masks while they dance with music bands.

The Carnival of French Guiana has roots in Creole culture. Everyone participates — mainland French, Brazilians Guiana has a frontier with Brazil , and Chinese as well as Creoles.

Its duration is variable, determined by movable religious festivals: Carnival begins at Epiphany and ends on Ash Wednesday, and so typically lasts through most of January and February.

During this period, from Friday evening until Monday morning the entire country throbs to the rhythm of masked balls and street parades.

Friday afternoons are for eating galette des rois the cake of kings and drinking champagne. The cake may be flavoured with frangipani , guava , or coconut.

Competing groups prepare for months. Dressed to follow the year's agreed theme, they march with Carnival floats, drums, and brass bands.

Brazilian groups are appreciated for their elaborate feathered and sequined costumes. However, they are not eligible for competition since the costumes do not change over time.

Mythical characters appear regularly in the parades: [ citation needed ]. A uniquely Creole tradition are the touloulous.

These women wear decorative gowns, gloves, masks, and headdresses that cover them completely, making them unrecognisable, even to the colour of their skin.

On Friday and Saturday nights of Carnival, touloulou balls are held in so-called "universities", large dance halls that open only at Carnival time.

Touloulous get in free, and are even given condoms in the interest of the sexual health of the community.

Men attend the balls, but they pay admittance and are not disguised. The touloulous pick their dance partners, who may not refuse.

The setup is designed to make it easy for a woman to create a temporary liaison with a man in total anonymity.

Undisguised women are not welcomed. By tradition, if such a woman gets up to dance, the orchestra stops playing. Alcohol is served at bars — the disguised women whisper to the men "touloulou thirsty", at which a round of drinks is expected, to be drunk through a straw protect their anonymity.

The final four days of Carnival follow a rigid schedule, and no work is done: [ citation needed ]. The most famous Carnival celebration in Guatemala is in Mazatenango.

During February, Mazatenango is famous for its eight-day Carnival Feast. As one Guatemalan website states, "To mention the Carnival of Mazatenango is to bring to mind moments of a happy and cordial party.

In the eight days of this celebration's duration, the local residents have kept alive the traditions of the Department.

Carnival in Haiti started in in the capital Port-au-Prince after the declaration of independence. It is known as Kanaval in the Creole language.

It starts in January, known as "Pre-Kanaval", while the main carnival activities begin in February. In July , Haiti had another carnival called Kanaval de Fleur.

An annual song competition takes place. Other places in Haiti celebrate carnival, including Jacmel and Aux Cayes. Carnival finishes on Ash Wednesday, followed by rara , another parading musical tradition known mainly in Haiti and in the Dominican Republic.

This festival emphasises religion. In Mexico , Carnaval is celebrated in about cities and towns. The larger city Carnavals employ costumes, elected queens, and parades with floats, but Carnaval celebrations in smaller and rural areas vary widely depending on the level of European influence during Mexico's colonial period.

The largest of these is in Huejotzingo , Puebla , where most townspeople take part in mock combat with rifles shooting blanks, roughly based on the Battle of Puebla.

Other important states with local traditions include Morelos , Oaxaca , Tlaxcala , and Chiapas. In Managua , it is celebrated for two days.

There it is named Alegria por la vida "Joy for Life" and features a different theme each year. Another festival in Managua celebrates patron saint Domingo de Guzman and lasts ten days.

Traditionally beginning on Friday and ending on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, "los Carnavales", as Panamanians refer to the days of Carnival, are celebrated across the country.

Carnival Week is especially popular because of the opulent Las Tablas Carnival as well as the Carnival celebrations in Panama City and almost all of the Azuero Peninsula.

The Panamanian Carnival is also popular because of the concerts featuring popular artists in the most visited areas. Concerts are often carried out during the night, and continue until the next morning.

Carnival Week is a national holiday in Panama, with most businesses and government offices remaining closed during its duration, and with most Panamanians opting to go to the country's rural areas to participate on the Carnivals and visit their relatives.

Carnivals in Panama also feature large repurposed fuel trucks that are used for soaking attendees through the use of firehoses that are controlled and directed by one or more people that stand in a platform that is mounted on top of the truck.

This is known as "culecos" or "los culecos". Trucks get their water from nearby, government-approved rivers, and the water is tested for cleanliness before use.

Culecos are often performed from 10 AM to 3 PM, when the sun is at its brightest. Children and pregnant women are banned from participating in the culecos, and the trucks are always sponsored by a well-known Panamanian company or brand.

The culecos are also often accompanied by reggaeton concerts. The open consumption of large amounts of cold, low-alcohol beer or Smirnoff , stored in ice-filled coolers, is common among attendees.

Just like in Rio de Janeiro, some carnivals also feature floats, but they may have young women with elaborate costumes that stand as the "Queens" of "Calle Arriba" and "Calle Abajo", representing rich and working-class people, respectively.

The queens are chosen through a contest and announced on October of the previous year, and are replaced every year.

The queens are introduced on the first carnival day, and are always accompanied by a music band, who are present whenever the queens are present.

Fireworks are launched on the last carnival night, to signal the end of the carnival. The town of Cajamarca is considered the capital of Carnival in Peru.

Local residents of all ages dance around the unsha , or yunsa , a tree adorned with ribbons, balloons, toys, fruits, bottles of liquor, and other prizes.

At a certain point, the Mayordomo governor of the feast walks into the circle. The governor chooses a partner to go to the unsha , which they attempt to cut down by striking it three times with a machete.

The machete is passed from couple to couple as each strikes the tree three times. When the unsha finally falls, the crowd rushes to grab the prizes.

The person who successfully brings down the unsha becomes the following year's governor. While generally peaceful, there have been issues with people using Carnival as a pretext for crime, particularly robbery or vandalism, especially in certain areas of Lima.

The celebration lasts one week and ends on the day before Ash Wednesday. It is one of the oldest carnivals of the Western Hemisphere, dating to In Trinidad and Tobago , Carnival lasts months and culminates in large celebrations on the three days before Ash Wednesday with Dimanche Gras, J'ouvert , and Mas masquerade.

Tobago's celebration culminates on Monday and Tuesday on a much smaller scale. Carnival combines costumes, dance, music, competitions, rum, and partying fete-ing.

Music styles include soca, calypso , rapso , and more recently chutney and chutney soca. The annual Carnival steel pan competition known as the National Panorama competition holds the finals on the Saturday before the main event.

Pan players compete in categories such as "Conventional Steel Band" or "Single Pan Band" by performing renditions of the year's calypsos.

Here the Calypso Monarch is chosen after competition and prize money and a vehicle awarded. The King and Queen of the bands are crowned, where each band parades costumes for two days and submits a king and queen, from which an overall winner is chosen.

These usually involve huge, complex, beautiful well-crafted costumes, that includes 'wire-bending'. It means "opening of the day".

Revelers dress in costumes embodying puns on current affairs, especially political and social events. A common character is "Jab-jabs" devils, blue, black, or red complete with pitchfork, pointed horns and tails.

Carnival Monday involves the parade of the mas bands. Revelers wear only parts of their costumes, more for fun than display or competition.

Monday Night Mas is popular in most towns and especially the capital, where smaller bands compete. There is also the "Bomb Competition", a smaller-scaled judging of steel bands.

Carnival Tuesday hosts the main events. Usually "Mas Boots" that complement the costumes are worn. Each band has their costume presentation based on a particular theme, and contains various sections some consisting of thousands of revelers that reflect these themes.

The street parade and band costume competition take place. The singer of the most played song is crowned Road March King or Queen, earning prize money and usually a vehicle.

This parading and revelry goes on until Tuesday midnight. Ash Wednesday itself, while not an official holiday, sends flocks to local beaches.

Carnival celebrations, usually referred to as Mardi Gras "Fat Tuesday" in French , were first celebrated in the Gulf Coast area, but now occur in many states.

Other major American cities with celebrations include Washington, D. Krewes organize parades, balls, and other activities starting with Phunny Phorty Phellows streetcar parade on Twelfth Night and ending with the closing of Bourbon Street at midnight on Fat Tuesday.

Carnival is celebrated in New York City in Brooklyn. That country has one of the largest Caribbean Carnivals. In the mid twentieth century, West Indians moved the event from the beginning of Lent to the Labor Day weekend.

Carnival is one of the largest parades and street festivals in New York, with over one million attending. The parade, which consists of steel bands, floats, elaborate Carnival costumes, and sound trucks, proceeds along Brooklyn's Eastern Parkway in the Crown Heights neighborhood.

Starting in , the Slovenian-American community located in the St. Clair-Superior neighborhood of Cleveland began hosting a local version of Kurentovanje , the Carnival event held in the city of Ptuj , Slovenia.

The Carnival in Uruguay lasts more than 40 days, generally beginning towards the end of January and running through mid March.

Celebrations in Montevideo are the largest. The festival is performed in the European parade style with elements from Bantu and Angolan Benguela cultures imported with slaves in colonial times.

During the celebration, theaters called tablados are built in many places throughout the cities, especially in Montevideo.

The 'Calls' groups, basically formed by drummers playing the tamboril, perform candombe rhythmic figures. The carnival in Uruguay have escolas de samba too, and the biggest samba parades are in Artigas and in Montevideo.

Revelers wear their festival clothing. Each group has its own theme. Women wearing elegant, bright dresses are called vedettes and provide a sensual touch to parades.

Carnival in Venezuela covers two days, 40 days before Easter. It is a time when youth in many rural towns have water fights including the use of water balloons and water guns.

Any pedestrian risks getting soaked. Coastal towns and provinces celebrate Carnival more fervently than elsewhere in the country.

Venezuelans regard Carnival about the same way they regard Christmas and Semana Santa Holy Week ; the week before Easter Sunday when they take the opportunity to visit their families.

In India, Carnival is celebrated only in the state of Goa and is a Roman Catholic tradition known as Intruz which means "swindler" while Entrudo is the appropriate word in Portuguese for "Carnival".

The largest celebration takes place in the city of Panjim , which was part of Velha Conquista in Goa, but now is celebrated throughout the state.

The tradition was introduced by the Portuguese who ruled Goa for over four centuries. The crepes are filled with freshly grated coconut and heated condensed coconut sap that sequentially converts it into a brown sweet molasses ; additional heat concentration solidifies it to jaggery.

The celebrations of Carnival peak for three days and nights and precede Ash Wednesday, when the legendary King Momo takes over the state.

All-night parades occur throughout the state with bands, dances, and floats. Grand balls are held in the evenings. Although Portugal introduced the customs related to Roman Catholic practice in India and Brazil, the celebrations in Goa like Portugal have begun to adopt some aspects of Brazilian-style Carnival celebrations, in particular those of Rio de Janeiro with sumptuous parades, samba and other musical elements.

In Indonesia , the word "carnival" or karnaval is not related to pre- Lent festivities, but more to festivals in general, especially those with processions and extravagant costumes.

For almost five centuries, local Greek communities throughout Istanbul celebrated Carnival with weeks of bawdy parades, lavish balls, and street parties.

This continued for weeks before Lent. Baklahorani took place on Shrove Monday, the last day of the carnival season.

The event was led by the Greek Orthodox community, but the celebrations were public and inter-communal. Although a pagan holiday, the Carnival was later celebrated on Feast Day in February.

In addition to the many carnival-wearing individuals, there were bands with guitars, bows, and butaphoric masks such as animal heads and humans.

During this period carnivals were accompanied by mandolins, guitars and humorous songs. Carnival celebrations were discontinued after 60, to resume in other social conditions after The following year, the second International Carnival Festival is even larger.

Since this year and until , the Korca Carnival group has been represented at a number of international festivals organized in various European countries.

Many parts of Belgium celebrate Carnival, typically with costume parades, partying and fireworks. The Carnival of Binche dates at least to the 14th century.

Parades are held over the three days before Lent; the most important participants are the Gilles , who wear traditional costumes on Shrove Tuesday and throw blood oranges to the crowd.

The celebration takes place during the four days before Shrove Tuesday. All the old traditional costumes parade in the street.

People who are disguised pass through the crowd and perform a part of the traditional costume they wear.

Some Belgian cities hold Carnivals during Lent. The participants include the Blancs-Moussis , who dress in white, carry long red noses and parade through town attacking bystanders with confetti and dried pig bladders.

The town of Halle also celebrates on Laetare Sunday. Belgium's oldest parade is the Carnival Parade of Maaseik , also held on Laetare Sunday, which originated in The festival includes several events, culminating on the final Sunday in a masked procession.

A similar procession for children takes place on the previous weekend. Many towns in Croatia's Kvarner region and in other parts of the country observe the Carnival period, incorporating local traditions and celebrating local culture.

Some of the towns and places are Grobnik, Permani, Kastav and many others places near Rijeka. Just before the end of Carnival, every Kvarner town burns a man-like doll called a "Pust", who is blamed for all the strife of the previous year.

The traditional Carnival food is fritule , a pastry. This festival can also be called Poklade.

Masks are worn to many of the festivities, including concerts and parties. Children and teachers are commonly allowed to wear masks to school for a day, and also wear masks at school dances or while trick-or-treating.

Carnivals also take place in summer. One of the most famous is the Senj Summer Carnival — first celebrated in Carnival has been celebrated in Cyprus for centuries.

The tradition was likely established under Venetian rule around the 16th century. It may have been influenced by Greek traditions, such as festivities for deities such as Dionysus.

The celebration originally involved dressing in costumes and holding masked balls or visiting friends. In the twentieth century, it became an organized event held during the 10 days preceding Lent according to the Greek Orthodox calendar.

The festival is celebrated almost exclusively in the city of Limassol. Three main parades take place during Carnival. The first is held on the first day, during which the "Carnival King" either a person in costume or an effigy rides through the city on his carriage.

The second is held on the first Sunday of the festival, and the participants are mainly children. The third and largest takes place on the last day of Carnival and involves hundreds of people walking in costume along the town's longest avenue.

The latter two parades are open to anyone who wishes to participate. The word masopust translates literally from old Czech to mean "meat fast", and the festival often includes a pork feast.

The tradition is most common in Moravia but also occurs in Bohemia. While practices vary, masks and costumes are present everywhere.

The holiday is sometimes described as a Nordic Halloween , with children dressing in costume and gathering treats for the Fastelavn feast.

One popular custom is the fastelavnsris , a switch that children use to flog their parents to wake them up on Fastelavns Sunday.

In Norway , students having seen celebrations in Paris introduced Carnival processions, masked balls, and Carnival balls to Christiana in the s and s.

From , the artist federation Kunstnerforeningen held annual Carnival balls in the old Freemasons lodge, which inspired Johan Svendsen 's compositions Norsk Kunstnerkarneval and Karneval in Paris.

The following year, Svendsen's Festpolonaise was written for the opening procession. In England , the season immediately before Lent was called Shrovetide.

A time for confessing sins "shriving" , it had fewer festivities than the Continental Carnivals. Five days of music and street events culminating with a Grand Ball on Fat Tuesday itself.

Loosely based on the New Orleans style of carnival, Hastings has taken its own course. The Nice Carnival was held as far back as , and annually attracts over a million visitors during the two weeks preceding Lent.

Since , a characteristic masked Carnival is celebrated in Limoux. The Dunkirk Carnival is among the greatest and most exuberant carnivals celebrated in Europe.

In the French West Indies , it occurs between the Sunday of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday; [] this dates back to the arrival of French colonists in the islands.

The earliest written record of Carnival in Germany was in in Speyer. This time is also called the "Fifth Season". Shrove Tuesday, called Fastnacht or Veilchendienstag , is celebrated in some cities.

Parties feature self-made and more fanciful costumes and occasional masks. The parties become more exuberant as the weeks progress and peak after New Year, in January and February.

The final Tuesday features all-night parties, dancing, hugging, and smooching. Some parties are for all, some for women only and some for children.

Fasnachtsküchle similar to Kreppel or donuts are the traditional Fasching food and are baked or fried. In Germany, Rheinischer Karnival and Schwäbische Fastnacht are distinct; first is less formal and more political, second is much more traditional.

Similar forms of the festival occur in Bavaria , and other states. Some cities are more famous for celebrations such as parades and costume balls.

The Cologne Carnival , as well as those in Mainz , Eschweiler and Düsseldorf , are the largest and most famous. The biggest German carnival club is located in a little town Dieburg in South Hesse.

On Carnival Thursday called "Old Women Day" or "The Women's Day" in commemoration of an revolt by washer-women , women storm city halls, cut men's ties, and are allowed to kiss any passing man.

Special acrobatic show dances in mock uniforms are a traditional contribution to most festive balls.

They may or may not have been a source of inspiration to American cheerleading. The Fasching parades and floats make fun of individual politicians and other public figures.

Many speeches do the same. Traditions often also include the "Faschingssitzung" — a sit-only party with dancing and singing presentations, and often many speeches given that humorously criticize politics.

During the pagan era, it represented the time of year when the reign of the grim winter spirits is over, and these spirits are hunted and expelled.

It then adapted to Catholicism. The first official record of Karneval, Fasching or Fastnacht in Germany dates to In Switzerland , Fasnacht takes place in the Catholic cantons of Switzerland, e.

Both began in the Late Middle Ages. Smaller Fasnacht festivities take place across German Switzerland, e. Autor ist erneut der.

Als ich dann. Auch ein. Stark vereinfacht. Das kritisieren Eltern der Förderschule. Sie bemängeln zudem, dass die. Urlaub auf dem Campingplatz boomt bei den Deutschen.

Gerade im Corona-Jahr dürfte das Interesse noch einmal steigen. Derzeit braucht man als. Ostwestfalen profitieren nach zwei Unentschieden von Auswärtstor-Regelung.

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The King and Queen of the bands are crowned, where each band parades costumes for two days and submits a king and queen, from which an overall winner is chosen.

These usually involve huge, complex, beautiful well-crafted costumes, that includes 'wire-bending'.

It means "opening of the day". Revelers dress in costumes embodying puns on current affairs, especially political and social events.

A common character is "Jab-jabs" devils, blue, black, or red complete with pitchfork, pointed horns and tails. Carnival Monday involves the parade of the mas bands.

Revelers wear only parts of their costumes, more for fun than display or competition. Monday Night Mas is popular in most towns and especially the capital, where smaller bands compete.

There is also the "Bomb Competition", a smaller-scaled judging of steel bands. Carnival Tuesday hosts the main events. Usually "Mas Boots" that complement the costumes are worn.

Each band has their costume presentation based on a particular theme, and contains various sections some consisting of thousands of revelers that reflect these themes.

The street parade and band costume competition take place. The singer of the most played song is crowned Road March King or Queen, earning prize money and usually a vehicle.

This parading and revelry goes on until Tuesday midnight. Ash Wednesday itself, while not an official holiday, sends flocks to local beaches.

Carnival celebrations, usually referred to as Mardi Gras "Fat Tuesday" in French , were first celebrated in the Gulf Coast area, but now occur in many states.

Other major American cities with celebrations include Washington, D. Krewes organize parades, balls, and other activities starting with Phunny Phorty Phellows streetcar parade on Twelfth Night and ending with the closing of Bourbon Street at midnight on Fat Tuesday.

Carnival is celebrated in New York City in Brooklyn. That country has one of the largest Caribbean Carnivals.

In the mid twentieth century, West Indians moved the event from the beginning of Lent to the Labor Day weekend.

Carnival is one of the largest parades and street festivals in New York, with over one million attending.

The parade, which consists of steel bands, floats, elaborate Carnival costumes, and sound trucks, proceeds along Brooklyn's Eastern Parkway in the Crown Heights neighborhood.

Starting in , the Slovenian-American community located in the St. Clair-Superior neighborhood of Cleveland began hosting a local version of Kurentovanje , the Carnival event held in the city of Ptuj , Slovenia.

The Carnival in Uruguay lasts more than 40 days, generally beginning towards the end of January and running through mid March.

Celebrations in Montevideo are the largest. The festival is performed in the European parade style with elements from Bantu and Angolan Benguela cultures imported with slaves in colonial times.

During the celebration, theaters called tablados are built in many places throughout the cities, especially in Montevideo.

The 'Calls' groups, basically formed by drummers playing the tamboril, perform candombe rhythmic figures. The carnival in Uruguay have escolas de samba too, and the biggest samba parades are in Artigas and in Montevideo.

Revelers wear their festival clothing. Each group has its own theme. Women wearing elegant, bright dresses are called vedettes and provide a sensual touch to parades.

Carnival in Venezuela covers two days, 40 days before Easter. It is a time when youth in many rural towns have water fights including the use of water balloons and water guns.

Any pedestrian risks getting soaked. Coastal towns and provinces celebrate Carnival more fervently than elsewhere in the country.

Venezuelans regard Carnival about the same way they regard Christmas and Semana Santa Holy Week ; the week before Easter Sunday when they take the opportunity to visit their families.

In India, Carnival is celebrated only in the state of Goa and is a Roman Catholic tradition known as Intruz which means "swindler" while Entrudo is the appropriate word in Portuguese for "Carnival".

The largest celebration takes place in the city of Panjim , which was part of Velha Conquista in Goa, but now is celebrated throughout the state.

The tradition was introduced by the Portuguese who ruled Goa for over four centuries. The crepes are filled with freshly grated coconut and heated condensed coconut sap that sequentially converts it into a brown sweet molasses ; additional heat concentration solidifies it to jaggery.

The celebrations of Carnival peak for three days and nights and precede Ash Wednesday, when the legendary King Momo takes over the state.

All-night parades occur throughout the state with bands, dances, and floats. Grand balls are held in the evenings. Although Portugal introduced the customs related to Roman Catholic practice in India and Brazil, the celebrations in Goa like Portugal have begun to adopt some aspects of Brazilian-style Carnival celebrations, in particular those of Rio de Janeiro with sumptuous parades, samba and other musical elements.

In Indonesia , the word "carnival" or karnaval is not related to pre- Lent festivities, but more to festivals in general, especially those with processions and extravagant costumes.

For almost five centuries, local Greek communities throughout Istanbul celebrated Carnival with weeks of bawdy parades, lavish balls, and street parties.

This continued for weeks before Lent. Baklahorani took place on Shrove Monday, the last day of the carnival season.

The event was led by the Greek Orthodox community, but the celebrations were public and inter-communal.

Although a pagan holiday, the Carnival was later celebrated on Feast Day in February. In addition to the many carnival-wearing individuals, there were bands with guitars, bows, and butaphoric masks such as animal heads and humans.

During this period carnivals were accompanied by mandolins, guitars and humorous songs. Carnival celebrations were discontinued after 60, to resume in other social conditions after The following year, the second International Carnival Festival is even larger.

Since this year and until , the Korca Carnival group has been represented at a number of international festivals organized in various European countries.

Many parts of Belgium celebrate Carnival, typically with costume parades, partying and fireworks. The Carnival of Binche dates at least to the 14th century.

Parades are held over the three days before Lent; the most important participants are the Gilles , who wear traditional costumes on Shrove Tuesday and throw blood oranges to the crowd.

The celebration takes place during the four days before Shrove Tuesday. All the old traditional costumes parade in the street.

People who are disguised pass through the crowd and perform a part of the traditional costume they wear.

Some Belgian cities hold Carnivals during Lent. The participants include the Blancs-Moussis , who dress in white, carry long red noses and parade through town attacking bystanders with confetti and dried pig bladders.

The town of Halle also celebrates on Laetare Sunday. Belgium's oldest parade is the Carnival Parade of Maaseik , also held on Laetare Sunday, which originated in The festival includes several events, culminating on the final Sunday in a masked procession.

A similar procession for children takes place on the previous weekend. Many towns in Croatia's Kvarner region and in other parts of the country observe the Carnival period, incorporating local traditions and celebrating local culture.

Some of the towns and places are Grobnik, Permani, Kastav and many others places near Rijeka. Just before the end of Carnival, every Kvarner town burns a man-like doll called a "Pust", who is blamed for all the strife of the previous year.

The traditional Carnival food is fritule , a pastry. This festival can also be called Poklade. Masks are worn to many of the festivities, including concerts and parties.

Children and teachers are commonly allowed to wear masks to school for a day, and also wear masks at school dances or while trick-or-treating.

Carnivals also take place in summer. One of the most famous is the Senj Summer Carnival — first celebrated in Carnival has been celebrated in Cyprus for centuries.

The tradition was likely established under Venetian rule around the 16th century. It may have been influenced by Greek traditions, such as festivities for deities such as Dionysus.

The celebration originally involved dressing in costumes and holding masked balls or visiting friends. In the twentieth century, it became an organized event held during the 10 days preceding Lent according to the Greek Orthodox calendar.

The festival is celebrated almost exclusively in the city of Limassol. Three main parades take place during Carnival.

The first is held on the first day, during which the "Carnival King" either a person in costume or an effigy rides through the city on his carriage.

The second is held on the first Sunday of the festival, and the participants are mainly children. The third and largest takes place on the last day of Carnival and involves hundreds of people walking in costume along the town's longest avenue.

The latter two parades are open to anyone who wishes to participate. The word masopust translates literally from old Czech to mean "meat fast", and the festival often includes a pork feast.

The tradition is most common in Moravia but also occurs in Bohemia. While practices vary, masks and costumes are present everywhere.

The holiday is sometimes described as a Nordic Halloween , with children dressing in costume and gathering treats for the Fastelavn feast.

One popular custom is the fastelavnsris , a switch that children use to flog their parents to wake them up on Fastelavns Sunday.

In Norway , students having seen celebrations in Paris introduced Carnival processions, masked balls, and Carnival balls to Christiana in the s and s.

From , the artist federation Kunstnerforeningen held annual Carnival balls in the old Freemasons lodge, which inspired Johan Svendsen 's compositions Norsk Kunstnerkarneval and Karneval in Paris.

The following year, Svendsen's Festpolonaise was written for the opening procession. In England , the season immediately before Lent was called Shrovetide.

A time for confessing sins "shriving" , it had fewer festivities than the Continental Carnivals. Five days of music and street events culminating with a Grand Ball on Fat Tuesday itself.

Loosely based on the New Orleans style of carnival, Hastings has taken its own course. The Nice Carnival was held as far back as , and annually attracts over a million visitors during the two weeks preceding Lent.

Since , a characteristic masked Carnival is celebrated in Limoux. The Dunkirk Carnival is among the greatest and most exuberant carnivals celebrated in Europe.

In the French West Indies , it occurs between the Sunday of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday; [] this dates back to the arrival of French colonists in the islands.

The earliest written record of Carnival in Germany was in in Speyer. This time is also called the "Fifth Season". Shrove Tuesday, called Fastnacht or Veilchendienstag , is celebrated in some cities.

Parties feature self-made and more fanciful costumes and occasional masks. The parties become more exuberant as the weeks progress and peak after New Year, in January and February.

The final Tuesday features all-night parties, dancing, hugging, and smooching. Some parties are for all, some for women only and some for children.

Fasnachtsküchle similar to Kreppel or donuts are the traditional Fasching food and are baked or fried.

In Germany, Rheinischer Karnival and Schwäbische Fastnacht are distinct; first is less formal and more political, second is much more traditional.

Similar forms of the festival occur in Bavaria , and other states. Some cities are more famous for celebrations such as parades and costume balls.

The Cologne Carnival , as well as those in Mainz , Eschweiler and Düsseldorf , are the largest and most famous.

The biggest German carnival club is located in a little town Dieburg in South Hesse. On Carnival Thursday called "Old Women Day" or "The Women's Day" in commemoration of an revolt by washer-women , women storm city halls, cut men's ties, and are allowed to kiss any passing man.

Special acrobatic show dances in mock uniforms are a traditional contribution to most festive balls.

They may or may not have been a source of inspiration to American cheerleading. The Fasching parades and floats make fun of individual politicians and other public figures.

Many speeches do the same. Traditions often also include the "Faschingssitzung" — a sit-only party with dancing and singing presentations, and often many speeches given that humorously criticize politics.

During the pagan era, it represented the time of year when the reign of the grim winter spirits is over, and these spirits are hunted and expelled.

It then adapted to Catholicism. The first official record of Karneval, Fasching or Fastnacht in Germany dates to In Switzerland , Fasnacht takes place in the Catholic cantons of Switzerland, e.

Both began in the Late Middle Ages. Smaller Fasnacht festivities take place across German Switzerland, e. Gallen , Appenzell. The following week, Tirini, is marked by similar festivities revolving around the consumption of cheese, eggs, and dairy and culminates with a "Cheese Sunday.

Throughout the Carnival season, festivals, parades, and balls are held all over the country. Patras holds the largest annual Carnival in Greece, and one of the largest in the world.

The second biggest Carnival takes place in Xanthi Eastern Macedonia and Thrace since and it is the major event of its kind in Northern Greece.

The Xanthi Carnival manages to attract visitors from the nearby countries such as Bulgaria , Turkey , and Romania. Their reward for so doing is a shot of the famous local tsipouro alcohol spirit.

Every year, from 1—8 January, mostly in regions of Western Macedonia , traditional Carnival festivals erupt. It is an ancient celebration of nature's rebirth akin to ancient festivals for Dionysus Dionysia and Kronos Saturnalia.

It involves locals dressing in woolly costumes, with scary masks and noise-makers. According to legend, the festival celebrates both the conclusion of the winter season and a victory by the local people over invading Ottomans in The Carnival in Venice was first recorded in Its subversive nature is reflected in Italy's many laws over the centuries attempting to restrict celebrations and the wearing of masks.

Carnival celebrations in Venice were halted after the city fell under Austrian control in , but were revived in the late 20th century.

The month-long Carnival of Viareggio is characterized mainly by its parade of floats and masks caricaturing popular figures.

In , the town built a new "Carnival citadel" dedicated to Carnival preparations and entertainment.

The Carnival of Ivrea is famous for its " Battle of the Oranges " fought with fruit between the people on foot and the troops of the tyrant on carts, to remember the wars of the Middle Ages.

In the most part of the Archdiocese of Milan , the Carnival lasts four more days, ending on the Saturday after Ash Wednesday, because of the Ambrosian Rite.

In Sardinia , the Carnival in Sardinian language Carrasecare or Carrasegare [] varies greatly from the one in the mainland of Italy: due to its close relation to the Dionysian Rites [ citation needed ] , the majority of the Sardinian celebrations features not only feasts and parades but also crude fertility rites such as bloodsheds to fertilize the land, [] the death and the resurrection of the Carnival characters [] and representations of violence and torture.

Its name in English means "the time before Lent". The celebration corresponds to Carnival holiday traditions. A major element symbolizes the defeat of winter in the Northern Hemisphere.

Devils, witches, goats, the grim reaper , and other joyful and frightening characters appear in costumes during the celebrations.

Eating pancakes is an important part of the celebration. In Luxembourg , the pre-Lenten holiday season is known as Fuesend.

Throughout the Grand-Duchy, parades and parties are held. The town of Remich holds a three-day-long celebration, notable for two special events in addition to its parades.

The other special event at the Remich Fuesend celebrations is the Buergbrennen or bonfire that closes the celebration.

Like Remich, the town of Esch-sur-Alzette holds a three-day celebration. Other major Fuesend parades in Luxembourg are held in the towns of Diekirch and Schifflange.

It is held during the week leading up to Ash Wednesday, and typically includes masked balls, fancy dresses, and grotesque mask competitions, lavish late-night parties, a colourful, ticker-tape parade of allegorical floats presided over by King Carnival Maltese: ir-Re tal-Karnival , marching bands, and costumed revellers.

The largest celebration takes place in and around the capital city of Valletta and Floriana ; several more "spontaneous" Carnivals take place in more remote areas.

The Nadur Carnival is notable for its darker themes. Traditional dances include the parata , a lighthearted re-enactment of the victory of the Knights Hospitaller over the Turks , and an 18th-century court dance known as il-Maltija.

Carnival food includes perlini multi-coloured, sugar-coated almonds and the prinjolata , which is a towering assembly of sponge cake , biscuits, almonds, and citrus fruits, topped with cream and pine nuts.

Carnival in the Netherlands is called Carnaval , Vastenavond "Eve of Lent" or, in Limburgish , Vastelaovend j , and is mostly celebrated in traditionally Catholic regions, particularly in the southern provinces of North Brabant , Limburg and Zeeland , but also in Overijssel , especially in Twente.

While Dutch Carnaval is officially celebrated on the Sunday through Tuesday preceding Ash Wednesday, since the s the feast has gradually started earlier and generally includes now the preceding weekend.

Two main variants can be distinguished: the Rhineland carnaval , found in the province of Limburg, and the Bourgondische carnaval , found mainly in North Brabant.

Maastricht , Limburg's capital, holds a street carnaval that features elaborate costumes. The first known documentation dates from the late 8th century Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum , but Carnaval was already mentioned during the First Council of Nicaea in and by Caesarius of Arles around CE.

In the Netherlands itself, the first documentation is found in in 's-Hertogenbosch. The oldest-known images of Dutch Carnaval festivities date from , also in 's-Hertogenbosch.

Normal daily life comes to a stop for about a week in the southern part of the Netherlands during the carnival, with roads temporary blocked and many local businesses closed for the week as a result of employees who are en masse taking the days off during and the day after the carnival.

The village becomes a live theatre where costumed actors improvise on the streets in roles such as the traditional "August the Stupid".

The Strumica Carnival opens on a Saturday night at a masked ball where the Prince and Princess are chosen; the main Carnival night is on Tuesday, when masked participants including groups from abroad compete in various subjects.

As of , the Festival of Caricatures and Aphorisms has been held as part of Strumica's Carnival celebrations. The Tuesday before the start of Lent is also often called Ostatki literally "leftovers" , meaning the last day to party before the Lenten season.

The traditional way to celebrate Carnival is the kulig , a horse-drawn sleigh ride through the snow-covered countryside. In modern times, Carnival is increasingly seen as an excuse for intensive partying and has become more commercialized, with stores offering Carnival-season sales.

Carnaval in Podence and Lazarim incorporates pagan traditions such as the careto , while the Torres Vedras celebration is probably the most typical.

On the islands of the Azores , local clubs and Carnival groups create colorful and creative costumes that jab at politics or culture.

The festival on the biggest island starts off with a black tie grand ball, followed by Latin music at Coliseu Micaelense.

A children's parade fills the streets of Ponta Delgada with children from each school district in costume. A massive parade continues past midnight, ending in fireworks.

The event includes theatre performances and dances. Throughout the show the dancers act out scenes from daily life. The "Dances de Carnival" are allegorical and comedic tales acted out in the streets.

More Portuguese-language theatrical performances occur there than anywhere else. Festivities end on Ash Wednesday, when locals sit down for the "Batatada" or potato feast, in which the main dish is salted cod with potatoes, eggs, mint, bread and wine.

Residents then return to the streets for the burning of the "Carnival clown", ending the season. On the island of Madeira , the island's capital, Funchal , wakes up on the Friday before Ash Wednesday to the sound of brass bands and Carnival parades throughout downtown.

The main Carnival street parade takes place on Saturday evening, with thousands of samba dancers filling the streets. The traditional street event takes place on Tuesday, featuring daring caricatures.

Arguably, Brazil's Carnival could be traced to the period of the Portuguese Age of Discoveries when their caravels passed regularly through Madeira, a territory that emphatically celebrated Carnival.

Carnival in the town of Ovar , in the Aveiro Region , began in and is the region's largest festivity, representing a large investment and the most important touristic event to the city.

It is known for its creative designs, displayed in the Carnival Parade, which features troupes with themed costumes and music, ranging from the traditional to pop culture.

Along with the Carnival Parade, there are five nights of partying, finishing with the famous 'Magical night' where people come from all over the country, mostly with their handmade costumes, only to have fun with the locals.

In Estarreja , in the Central region of Portugal, the town's first references to Carnival were in the 14th century, with "Flower Battles", richly decorated floats that paraded through the streets.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, these festivities ended with the deaths of its main promoters, only to reappear again in the s to become one of many important Carnival festivals in Portugal.

In the Northern region of Podence , children appear from Sunday to Tuesday with tin masks and colorful multilayered costumes made from red, green and yellow wool.

In Lisbon , Carnival offers parades, dances and festivities featuring stars from Portugal and Brazil. The Loures Carnival celebrates the country's folk traditions, including the enterro do bacalhau or burial of the cod , which marks the end of Carnival and the festivities.

The celebration highlight is a parade of creatively decorated streetcars that satirize society and politics. In these towns, everyone dresses up as if it were Halloween.

Children and adults wear masks. In the Algarve region, several resort towns offer Carnival parades. Besides the themed floats and cars, the festivities include "samba" groups, bands, dances, and music.

In Lazarim , a civil parish in the municipality of Lamego , celebrations follow the pagan tradition of Roman Saturnalias.

It celebrates by burning colorful effigies and dressing in home-made costumes. Locally-made wooden masks are worn. The masks are effigies of men and women with horns, but both roles are performed by men.

They are distinguished by their clothes, with caricature attributes of both men and women. The Lazarim Carnaval cycle encompasses two periods, the first starting on the fifth Sunday before Quinquagesima Sunday.

Masked figures and people wearing large sculpted heads walk through the town. The locals feast on meats, above all pork.

The second cycle, held on Sundays preceding Ash Wednesday, incorporates the tradition of the Compadres and Comadres, with men and women displaying light-hearted authority over the other.

Over the five weeks, men prepare large masked heads and women raise funds to pay for two mannequins that will be sacrificed in a public bonfire.

This is a key event and is unique to Portugal. During the bonfire, a girl reads the Compadre's will and a boy reads the Comadre's will.

The executors of the will are named, a donkey is symbolically distributed to both female and male "heirs", and then there is the final reckoning in which the Entrudo, or Carnival doll, is burned.

It is celebrated during the last week before Lent. The essential element is bliny , Russian pancakes, popularly taken to symbolize the sun.

Round and golden, they are made from the rich foods allowed that week by the Orthodox traditions: butter, eggs, and milk.

In the tradition of Orthodox Lent, the consumption of meat ceases one week before that of milk and eggs. Maslenitsa also includes masquerades , snowball fights, sledding, swinging on swings, and sleigh rides.

The mascot is a brightly dressed straw effigy of Lady Maslenitsa, formerly known as Kostroma. The celebration culminates on Sunday evening, when Lady Maslenitsa is stripped of her finery and put to the flames of a bonfire.

The Slovenian name for carnival is pust. The Slovenian countryside displays a variety of disguised groups and individual characters, among which the most popular and characteristic is the Kurent plural: Kurenti , a monstrous and demon-like, but fluffy figure.

The most significant festival is held in Ptuj see: Kurentovanje. Its special feature are the Kurents themselves, magical creatures from another world, who visit major events throughout the country, trying to banish the winter and announce spring's arrival, fertility, and new life with noise and dancing.

The origin of the Kurent is a mystery, and not much is known of the times, beliefs, or purposes connected with its first appearance.

The origin of the name itself is obscure. Unique to this region is a group of dormice , driven by the Devil and a huge fire-breathing dragon.

Cerkno and its surrounding area are known for the Laufarji , Carnival figures with artistically carved wooden masks.

The major part of the population, especially the young and children, dress up in ordinary non-ethnic costumes, going to school, work, and organized events, where prizes are given for the best and most original costumes.

Costumed children sometimes go from house to house asking for treats. The carnival symbolises the eternal struggle between the forces of good and evil, light and darkness, winter and spring.

The feeling of this Carnival is the sharp criticism, the funny play on words and the imagination in the costumes, more than the glamorous dressings.

It is traditional to paint the face with lipstick as a humble substitute of a mask. The most famous groups are the chirigotas , choirs, and comparsas.

The chirigotas are well known witty, satiric popular groups who sing about politics, new times, and household topics, wearing the same costume, which they prepare for the whole year.

The Choirs coros are wider groups that go on open carts through the streets singing with an orchestra of guitars and lutes.

Their signature piece is the "Carnival Tango", alternating comical and serious repertory. They have a more elaborated polyphony that is easily recognizable by the typical countertenor voice.

Every February, Santa Cruz de Tenerife , the capital of the largest of the Canary Islands , hosts the event, attracting around a million people.

In , it was declared a Festival Tourist International Interest. This was registered in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of people in an outdoor plaza to attend a concert, a record she holds today.

The King presides over a period of misrule in which conventional social rules may be broken and reckless behavior is encouraged. Festivities are held in the open air, beginning with a cercavila , a ritual procession throughout the town to call everyone to attend.

Rues of masked revelers dance alongside. On Thursday, Dijous Gras Fat Thursday is celebrated, also called 'omelette day' el dia de la truita , on which coques de llardons, butifarra d'ou, butifarra , and omelettes are eaten.

The festivities end on Ash Wednesday with elaborate funeral rituals marking the death of King Carnival, who is typically burned on a pyre in what is called the "burial of the sardine " enterrament de la sardina , or, in Vilanova, as l'enterro.

It adopts an ancient style in which satire, the grotesque body [3] particularly cross-dressing and displays of exaggerated bellies, noses, and phalli and above all, active participation are valued over glamorous, media-friendly spectacles that Vilanovins mock as "thighs and feathers".

Vilanovinians organize several rituals during the week. On Friday citizens are called to a parade for the arrival of King Carnival called l'Arrivo that changes every year.

It includes a raucous procession of floats and dancers lampooning current events or public figures and a bitingly satiric sermon el sermo delivered by the King himself.

On Saturday, the King's procession and his concubines scandalize the town with their sexual behavior, the mysterious Moixo Foguer Little-Bird-Bonfire is shown accompanied by the Xerraire jabberer who try to convince the crowd about the wonders of this mighty bird he carries in a box who is in fact a naked person covered in feathers.

After Sunday, vilanovinians continue its Carnival with the children's party Vidalet , the satirical chorus of Carnestoltes songs and the last night of revelry, the Vidalot.

For the King's funeral, people dress in elaborate mourning costume, many of them cross-dressing men who carry bouquets of phallic vegetables.

In the funeral house, the body of the King is surrounded by weeping concubines, crying over the loss of sexual pleasure brought about by his death.

Finally, amid rockets and explosions, the King's body is burned in a massive pyre. Carnaval de Solsona takes place in Solsona, Lleida.

It is one of the longest; free events in the streets and nightly concerts run for more than a week. To celebrate this legend, locals hang a stuffed donkey at the tower that "pisses" above the excited crowd using a water pump.

This event is the most important and takes place on Saturday night. For this reason, the inhabitants are called matarrucs "donkey killers".

These groups of friends create and personalize a uniformed suit to wear during the festivities. Around 40 floats draw more than 2, participants.

Tarragona has one of the region's most complete ritual sequences. The events start with the building of a huge barrel and ends with its burning with the effigies of the King and Queen.

On Saturday, the main parade takes place with masked groups, zoomorphic figures, music, and percussion bands, and groups with fireworks the devils, the dragon, the ox, the female dragon.

Carnival groups stand out for their clothes full of elegance, showing brilliant examples of fabric crafts, at the Saturday and Sunday parades.

About 5, people are members of the parade groups. In addition, other many festive, cultural and musical activities of all ages take place, such as an epic battle of confetti and flour, funny karaoke contests or the so-called " Entierro de la Sardina " Burial of the Sardine.

Nevertheless, the most important event is the gala performance of the Carnival's Queen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. This article is about the celebration of Carnival in many cultures.

For the traveling entertainment, see Traveling carnival. For other uses, see Carnival disambiguation. Main article: Antigua Carnival.

Main article: Crop over. Main article: Carnival in Belize. Main article: Carnaval de Oruro. Main article: Brazilian Carnival.

Main article: Rio Carnival. Main article: Recife Carnival. Main article: Bahian Carnival. Main article: Carnival in the Caribbean.

Main article: Carnival in Colombia. Main article: Carnival in the Dominican Republic. Main article: Carnival in French Guiana.

Main article: Haitian Carnival. Main article: Carnival in Mexico. Main article: Carnaval de Ponce. Main article: Trinidad and Tobago Carnival.

Main article: Adloyada. Main article: Baklahorani. See also: Slavic carnival. Main article: Fastelavn. Main article: Shrove Tuesday.

Main articles: Carnival in Italy and Carnival of Venice. Main article: Maltese Carnival. Main article: Carnival in the Netherlands.

Main article: Carnival of Madeira. Main article: Carnival of Ovar. Main article: Maslenitsa. Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 11 February Cambridge University Press.

Rabelais and his world. Translated by H. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Original edition, Tvorchestvo Fransua Rable i narodnaia kul'tura srednevekov'ia i Renessansa , Drinking: Behavior and Belief in Modern History.

University of California Press. Retrieved 17 February Seattle: University of Washington Press. Retrieved 30 April Toronto's Many Faces.

Fastelavn, held the week before Lent, is the Danish Mardi Gras. Archived from the original on 18 February Our Danish history and heritage is continuously incorporated into our services and events through the year and its seasons.

Entertaining from Ancient Rome to the Super Bowl. In Anglican countries, Mardis Gras is known as Shrove Tuesday — from shrive meaning 'confess' — or Pancake Day — after the breakfast food that symbolizes one final hearty meal of eggs, butter, and sugar before the fast.

On Ash Wednesday , the morning after Mardi Gras, repentant Christians return to church to receive upon the forehead the sign of the cross in ashes.

Words In Different Languages. Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 25 December Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 12 February The Origin of the German Carnival Comedy.

The English name for Carnival, it may be argued, points to a Christian origin of this festival. Etimo in Italian.

Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 25 September Violence in Early Modern Europe — Christianity in the West, Oxford University Press.

Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Retrieved on 13 May Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. Penguin Books. Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 29 October Encyclopedia of Easter, Carnival, and Lent.

El Carnaval: Ensayos de mitologia popular. Barcelona: Editorial Alta Fulla. Original edition: Le carnaval. Essais de mythologie populaire , Editions Payot, Paris, Celebrating the Church Year with Young Children.

Liturgical Press. Carnival is a time of revelry and excess before the dying of Lent, a time of feasting before the fasting.

The Oxford Companion to Food. Archived from the original on 6 February Humour and Humanism in the Renaissance.

To the Middle Ages Carnival and Lent were both necessary, inevitable episodes in the eternal cycle of the Church year. Archived from the original on 29 January University of California at Berkeley.

Barcelona: Editorial Ariel. New York: Alfred A. Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 31 May Masquerade politics.

Berkeley: University of California Press. From ritual to theater: The human seriousness of play. Western Folklore 13 4 — Soundings: A journal of politics and culture.

Frank G. Bosman in Dutch. Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 18 January Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original on 18 December Archived from the original on 8 April Archived from the original on 21 April Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 26 February Lonely Planet Publishing.

Archived from the original on 22 September Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 3 March Archived from the original on 2 April This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.

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